An efficient and practical laser diode module is demonstrated for single-mode fiber applications. The module is developed through use of an earlier proposed combination lens method, where a hemispherical ended graded index rod lens and virtual fiber are employed. Since lens and virtual fiber misalignment tolerances are large in this coupling method, the YAG laser welding technique is easily applicable. This laser diode module has not only a simple structure but also high coupling efficiency, excellent reproducibility, and extremely high reliability.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
Kenji Kawano, Osamu Mitomi, Mitsuaki Yanagibashi, and Toshinori Nozawa, "Efficient highly stable laser diode module for single-mode fiber employing a combination of hemispherical ended GRIN rod lens and virtual fiber," Appl. Opt. 28, 2012-2016 (1989)