A porous plastic optical fiber has been developed for use in chemical gas sensing. This porous plastic waveguide, which was made with copolymer materials, has an interconnective porous structure as well as uniformity of pore size. These sensors are based on in-line optical absorption within the porous plastic fiber core and have much greater sensitivities than sensors based on evanescent coupling to a surrounding medium. Furthermore, this fiber simultaneously exhibits very high gas permeability and liquid impermeability. This combination makes the fiber particularly suitable for gas concentration measurements in aqueous samples. An ammonia gas sensor has been tested to demonstrate the effectiveness of this porous plastic waveguide.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
Quan Zhou, David Kritz, Laura Bonnell, and George H. Sigel, Jr., "Porous plastic optical fiber sensor for ammonia measurement," Appl. Opt. 28, 2022-2025 (1989)