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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 28, Iss. 11 — Jun. 1, 1989
  • pp: 2156–2164

Method of measuring the phase function of a turbid medium in the small scattering angle range

G. Zaccanti and P. Bruscaglioni  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 28, Issue 11, pp. 2156-2164 (1989)

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A method is described for measuring the phase scattering function of a turbid medium in the near forward direction. The method is based on the use of a transmissometer with a variable field of view and is suitable for measurements on natural media, such as water or turbid atmospheres. Some precautions to be taken to avoid the effects of multiple scattering are indicated. Results of laboratory tests on suspensions of latex spheres in water are presented. An example of the use of the instrument in natural fog is also shown.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: February 8, 1988
Published: June 1, 1989

G. Zaccanti and P. Bruscaglioni, "Method of measuring the phase function of a turbid medium in the small scattering angle range," Appl. Opt. 28, 2156-2164 (1989)

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  1. E. Battistelli, P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, L. Lo Porto, G. Zaccanti, “Separation and Analysis of Forward Scattered Power in Laboratory Measurements of Light Beam Transmittance Through a Turbid Medium,” Appl. Opt. 25, 420–430 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Zaccanti, P. Bruscaglioni, “Deviation from the Lambert-Beer Law in the Transmittance of a Light Beam Through Diffusing Media: Experimental Results,” J. Mod. Opt. 35, 229–242 (1988). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Bruscaglioni, E. Battistelli, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “SEMOC: A Code for Monte Carlo Calculations of the Effects of Multiple Scattering on the Transmittance of a Light Beam Through a Turbid Medium,” Report, Dipartimento di Fisica (Mar.1987).
  4. V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, B. A. Savelev, “Propagation of Laser Beams in Scattering Media,” Appl. Opt. 8, 137–141 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Battistelli, P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Use of Two Scaling Relations in the Study of Multiple-Scattering Effects on the Transmittance of Light Beams Through a Turbid Atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 903–911 (1985). [CrossRef]
  6. P. Bruscaglioni, G. Zaccanti, A. Ismaelli, P. Pill, “Comparison Between Measured and Calculated Contributions of Multiply Scattered Radiation to the Transmittance of a Light Beam Through a Turbid Medium,” Radio Sci. 22, 899–905 (1987). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Swithenbank, J. M. Beer, D. S. Taylor, D. Abbot, C. G. McCreath, “A Laser Diagnostic Technique for the Measurement of Droplet and Particle Size Distribution,” Prog. Astronaut. Aeronaut. 53, 421–447 (1977).
  8. L. G. Dodge, “Calibration of the Malvern Particle Sizer,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2415–2419 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Cornillault, “Particle Size Analyzer,” Appl. Opt. 11, 265–268 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. W. Spinrad, J. R. V. Zaneveld, H. Pak, “Volume Scattering Function of Suspended Particulate Matter at Near-Forward Angles: A Comparison of Experimental and Theoretical Values,” Appl. Opt. 17, 1125–1130 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Bruscaglioni, G. Del Fante, A. Ismaelli, L. Lo Porto, G. Zaccanti, “A Variable Angular Field-of-View Transmissometer and Its Use to Monitor Fog Conditions,” Opt. Acta 31, 589–601 (1984). [CrossRef]
  12. H. E. Gerber, “Microstructure of a Radiation Fog,” J. Atmos. Sci. 38, 454–458 (1981). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation (Academic, New York, 1969).
  14. N. G. Jerlov, Marine Optics (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1976).

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