OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 28, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 1989
  • pp: 3737–3743

Evaluations of frequency shift and stability in rubidium vapor stabilized semiconductor lasers

Hiroyuki Furuta and Motoichi Ohtsu  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 28, Issue 17, pp. 3737-3743 (1989)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1016 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Laser frequencies were stabilized to the linear and saturated absorption spectral lines(LAS, SAS) in 87Rb vapors which were filled into two kinds of glass cell: cell A (87Rb vapor only) and cell B (87Rb vapor and buffer gases). The frequency shifts induced by the change of laser power density were −5 MHz/(mW/cm2) and −10 MHz/(mW/cm2) for cells A and B, respectively, when LAS was used. A frequency shift of −0.8 MHz/K was observed for cell B, which underwent a temperature change. However, such a temperature-induced shift was not observed for cell A. The highest frequency stability was 7.7 × 10−11 at a 70-s integration time.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: October 20, 1988
Published: September 1, 1989

Hiroyuki Furuta and Motoichi Ohtsu, "Evaluations of frequency shift and stability in rubidium vapor stabilized semiconductor lasers," Appl. Opt. 28, 3737-3743 (1989)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. L. Picque, S. Roizen, “Frequency-Controlled CW Tunable GaAs Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 27, 340–342 (1975). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Tsuchida, S. Sanpei, M. Ohtsu, T. Tako, “Frequency Stability Measurement of Feedback Stabilized AlGaAs DH Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 19, L721–L724 (1980). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, “Frequency Stabilization of Semiconductor Lasers for Heterodyne-Type Optical Communication Systems,” Electron. Lett., 16, 179–181 (1980). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Yabuzaki, A. Ibaragi, H. Hori, M. Kitano, T. Ogawa, “Frequency-Locking of a GaAlAs Laser to a Doppler-Free Spectrum of Cs-D2 Line,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 20, L451–L454 (1981). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Tsuchida, M. Ohtsu, T. Tako, N. Kuramochi, N. Oura, “Frequency Stabilization of AlGaAs Semiconductor Laser Based on the 85Rb-D2 Line,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 21, L561–L563 (1982). [CrossRef]
  6. C. J. Nielsen, G. Jacobsen, “Frequency Stabilization of Singlemode Semiconductor Lasers at 830 nm and 1.3 μm,” J. Opt. Commun., 4, 122–125 (1983).
  7. M. Ohtsu, T. Tako, “Coherence in Semiconductor Lasers,” in Progress in Optics XXV, E. Wolf, Ed. (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1988) pp. 191–278. [CrossRef]
  8. T. Shiomi, “Highly Precise Positioning System Using GPS,” (in Japanese) J”. IEICE Jpn., 70, 521–523 (1987).
  9. L. L. Lewis, M. Feldman, “Optical Pumping by Lasers in Atomic Frequency Standards,” in Proceedings, Thirty-Fifth Annual Symposium on Frequency Control, Fort Monmouth, NJ (1981) pp. 612–624. [CrossRef]
  10. M. Hashimoto, M. Ohtsu, “Experiments on a Semiconductor Laser Pumped Rubidium Atomic Clock,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., QE-23, 446–451 (1987). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Hashimoto, M. Ohtsu, H. Furuta, “Ultra-Sensitive Frequency Discrimination in a Diode Laser Pumped 87Rb Atomic Clock,” in Proceedings, Forty-First Annual Symposium on Frequency Control, Philadelphia, PA (1987), pp. 25–35.
  12. V. Pevtschin, S. Ezekiel, “Investigation of Absolute Stability of Water-Vapor-Stabilized Semiconductor Laser,” Opt. Lett., 12, 172–174 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. W. Allan, “Statistics of Atomic Frequency Standards,” Proc. IEEE, 54, 221–230 (1966). [CrossRef]
  14. I. Siio, M. Ohtsu, T. Tako, “Development of the Allan Variance Real-Time Processor,” (in Japanese) Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-C, 204–208 (1981).
  15. M. Ohtsu, M. Hashimoto, H. Ozawa, “A Highly Stabilized Semiconductor Laser and Its Application to Optically Pumped Rb Atomic Clock,” in Proceedings, Thirty-Ninth Annual Symposium on Frequency Control, Philadelphia, PA (1985), pp. 43–53.
  16. G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, “Laser Diode Frequency Stabilization to Doppler-Free Rubidium Spectra,” Electron. Lett. 24, 769–770 (1988). [CrossRef]
  17. R. E. Beehler, R. C. Mockler, J. M. Richardson, “Cesium Beam Atomic Time and Frequency Standards,” Metrologia, 1, 114–131 (1965). [CrossRef]
  18. R. E. Beehler, D. J. Glaze, “The Performance and Capability of Cesium Beam Standards at the National Bureau of Standards,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., IM-15, 48–55 (1966). [CrossRef]
  19. A. R. Edmonds, Angular Momentum in Quantum Mechanics (Princeton U.P., Princeton, 1968).
  20. E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, “Experimental Determinations of the Hyperfine Structure in the Alkali Atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys., 49, 31–75 (1977). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited