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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 29, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 1990
  • pp: 4036–4041

Axial and radial gradient-index titania flint glasses

Douglas S. Kindred, Julie Bentley, and Duncan T. Moore  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 28, pp. 4036-4041 (1990)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.29.004036


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Abstract

A series of TiO2 flint glasses has been developed for producing GRIN glass by ion exchange. Both positive and negative axial and radial gradients were fabricated in high index glasses by exchange of Li+ for Na+ and Na+ for Li+, respectively. Index changes to 0.05 and depths up to 6 mm were achieved and a wide variety of index profiles are shown.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: February 2, 1990
Published: October 1, 1990

Citation
Douglas S. Kindred, Julie Bentley, and Duncan T. Moore, "Axial and radial gradient-index titania flint glasses," Appl. Opt. 29, 4036-4041 (1990)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-29-28-4036


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References

  1. J. B. Caldwell, D. T. Moore, “Design of Gradient-Index Lens Systems for Disk Format Cameras,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3351–3355 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. P. Ryan-Howard, “Chromatic Properties of Gradient Index Glass,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester, New York (1983), p. 63.
  3. D. S. Kindred, D. T. Moore, “Design, Fabrication and Testing of a Gradient Index Binocular Objective,” Appl. Opt. 27, 492–495 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. N. Houde-Walter, D. T. Moore, “Delta-n Control in GRIN Glass by Additives in AgCl Diffusion Baths,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3373–3378 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  6. Ref. 5, p. 258.
  7. Ref. 2, p. 39.
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  10. Ref. 2, p. 39.
  11. Ref. 5, p. 162.
  12. G. H. Frischat, Ionic Diffusion in Oxide Glasses (Trans Tech Publications, Bay Village, OH, 1975), p. 80.
  13. Ref. 5, p. 161.
  14. O. V. Mazurin et al., eds. Handbook of Glass Data, Part C, Ternary Silicates (Elsevier, New York), 1987, p. 566.
  15. Measurements were performed by Corning Engineering Laboratory Services, Corning Glass, Corning, NY.
  16. X. X. Levin et al., Phase Diagrams for Ceramists (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, OH, 1964).
  17. S. N. Houde-Walter, D. T. Moore, “Real-Time Index Profile Measurement During GRIN Glass Fabrication,” Appl. Opt. 27, 508–515 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. R. C. Weast, Ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1980), p. B-149.
  19. P. J. Sands, “Third-Order Aberrations of Inhomogeneous Lenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1436–1443 (1970). [CrossRef]
  20. Gradient Index Design Data Sheet, Gradient Lens Corp., 207 Tremont St., Rochester, NY 14608 (1989).
  21. E. W. Marchand, Gradient Index Optics (Academic, New York, 1978), p. 97.
  22. J. B. Caldwell, “Sol-Gel Method for Fabricating Gradient Index Glass,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester, New York (1989), p. 154.

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