OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 29, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 1990
  • pp: 4042–4050

Gradient-index profile control from mixed molten salt baths

Joan E. Samuels and Duncan T. Moore  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 28, pp. 4042-4050 (1990)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.29.004042


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1023 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The composition of the molten salt bath was shown to exert a strong influence on the gradient-index profile that resulted from the ion exchange of silver for sodium. Two types of additives were used to enhance the ion exchange from a base AgCl melt. Both techniques reduced the profile degradation that normally occurred with long diffusion times, while one technique also increased the refractive index change at 0.6328 μm in a regular fashion from 0.06 to 0.15.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 5, 1990
Published: October 1, 1990

Citation
Joan E. Samuels and Duncan T. Moore, "Gradient-index profile control from mixed molten salt baths," Appl. Opt. 29, 4042-4050 (1990)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-29-28-4042


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. N. Houde-Walter, D. T. Moore, “Delta-n Control in GRIN Glass by Additives in AgCl Diffusion Baths,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3373–3378 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Garfinkel, “Ion Exchange Between Glass and Molten Salts,” J. Phys. Chem. 72, 4175–4181 (1968). [CrossRef]
  3. R. H. Doremus, Glass Science (Wiley, New York, 1973), pp. 165, 257–9.
  4. K. H. Stern, “The Effect of Anions on Sodium-Determined Glass Membrane Potentials in Molten Salts,” J. Phys. Chem. 74, 1329–1337 (1970). [CrossRef]
  5. J. A. Marinsky, Ion Exchange (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1969).
  6. K. H. Stern, “Membrane Potentials of Fused Silica in Molten Salts: A Reevaluation,” J. Phys. Chem. 74, 1323–1329 (1970). [CrossRef]
  7. M. L. Huggins, “The Refractive Index of Silicate Glasses as a Function of Composition,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 495–504 (1940). [CrossRef]
  8. S. D. Fantone, “Refractive Index and Spectral Models for Gradient-Index Materials,” Appl. Opt. 22, 432–440 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. P. Ryan-Howard, D. T. Moore, “Model for the Chromatic Properties of Gradient-Index Glass,” Appl. Opt. 24, 4356–4366 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. N. Houde-Walter, “Gradient-Index Profile Control by Ion Exchange in Glass,” Ph.D. Dissertation, U. Rochester, New York (1987).
  11. P. O. McLaughlin, “Thermal Expansion and Temperature Dependence of the Refractive Index in Gradient Refractive Index Glasses,” Ph.D. Dissertation, U. Rochester, New York (1982).
  12. J. J. Miceli, “Infrared Gradient Index Optics: Materials, Fabrication and Testing,” Ph.D. Dissertation, U. Rochester, New York (1982).
  13. V. D. Scott, G. Love, Quantitative Electron-Probe Micro-analysis (Ellis Horwood, Halsted Press, New York, 1983).
  14. D. S. Kindred, U. Rochester; private discussion.
  15. H. Bloom, The Chemistry of Molten Salts (Benjamin, New York, 1967), pp. 65–8, 91–4, 121–123.
  16. H. Bloom, I. A. Weeks, “Densities of Alkali Metal Chloride and Zinc Chloride Melts,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 67, 1410–1415 (1971). [CrossRef]
  17. V. A. Khokhlov, M. V. Smirnov, V. E. Khavin, “Relationship Between the Transport Properties and the Ionic Composition of Molten Binary Mixtures of Alkali Metal Halides. Mixtures with a Common Anion,” Soviet Electrochemistry 20, 1381–1385 (1984).
  18. M. B. Panish et al., “Thermodynamic Properties of Molten and Solid Solutions of Silver Chloride and Sodium Chloride,” J. Phys. Chem. 62, 1325–1331 (1958). [CrossRef]
  19. R. H. Doremus, Glass Science (Wiley, New York, 1973), p. 267.
  20. E. J. Salstrom, “Thermodynamic Properties of Fused Salt Solutions. VIII. Lead Chloride in Silver Chloride,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 56, 1272–1275 (1934). [CrossRef]
  21. M. F. Lantratov, A. F. Alabyshev, “The Activity of Zinc Chloride in Solutions Containing Chlorides of Alkali Metals,” J. Appl. Chem. U.S.S.R. (Eng. Trans.) 26, 235–240 (1953); J. Appl. Chem. U.S.S.R. (Eng. Trans.) 27, 685–689 (1954).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited