OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 1990
  • pp: 4051–4055

Gradient-index silver alumina phosphate glasses by exchange of Na+ for Ag+

Douglas S. Kindred  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 28, pp. 4051-4055 (1990)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (703 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



High index of refraction crown glasses containing silver oxide have been cast from a melt and used for ion exchange experiments. High quality axial and radial gradient-index profiles were fabricated and the interdiffusion coefficient calculated. Index changes up to 0.08 were achieved in a base glass with nd = 1.61 and Vd = 57.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: November 28, 1989
Published: October 1, 1990

Douglas S. Kindred, "Gradient-index silver alumina phosphate glasses by exchange of Na+ for Ag+," Appl. Opt. 29, 4051-4055 (1990)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. B. Caldwell, D. T. Moore, “Design of Gradient-Index Lens Systems for Disk Format Cameras,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3351–3355 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. P. Ryan-Howard, “Chromatic Properties of Gradient Index Glass,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester, New York (1983).
  3. H. Nishi, H. Ichikawa, M. Toyama, I. Kitano, “Gradient-Index Objective Lens for the Compact Disk System,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3340–3344 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. N. Houde-Walter, “Gradient Index Profile Control by Ion Exchange in Glass,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester, New York (1987).
  5. G. Stewart et al., “Planar Optical Waveguides Formed by Ion migration in Glass,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 192–200 (1977). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Oikawa, K. Iga, M. Morinaga, T. Usui, T. Chiba, “Distributed-Index Formation Processing of a Planar Microlens,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1787–1789 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. S. Kindred, D. T. Moore, “Design, Fabrication, and Testing of a Gradient-Index Binocular Objective,” Appl. Opt. 27, 492–495 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. B. Caldwell, D. S. Kindred, D. T. Moore, “Large Diameter Radial Gradient Index Glass,” in Technical Digest, Seventh Topical Meeting on Gradient Index Imaging Systems, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1987), Paper ThD3-1.
  9. S. Ohmi, H. Sakai, Y. Asahara, S. Nakayama, Y. Yoneda, “Gradient-Index Rod Lens Made by a Double Ion-Exchange Process,” Appl. Opt. 27, 496–499 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. L. Jackel, “Glass Waveguides Made Using Low Melting Point Nitrate mixtures,” Appl. Opt. 27, 472–475 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion (Oxford U. P., New York, 1975).
  12. Reference 11, p. 14.
  13. Reference 2, p. 39.
  14. Reference 11, p. 73.
  15. Y. Asahara et al., “One-Directional Gradient-Index Slab Lens,” Appl. Opt. 24, 4312–4315 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. B. Caldwell, “Sol-Gel Method for Fabricating Gradient Index Glass,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester, Rochester, NY (1989).
  17. R. F. Bartholomew, “Structure and Properties of the Silver Phosphate System—Infrared and Visible Spectra,” J. Non.-Cryst. Solids 7, 221 (1972). [CrossRef]
  18. R. M. Klien et al., “Glass Formation and Properties in the Aluminum Borophosphate System,” Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. 57, 199 (1978).
  19. Levin et al., Eds. Phase Diagrams for Ceramists (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, OH, 1964).
  20. J. Miceli, “Infrared Gradient Index Optics: Materials, Fabrication and Testing,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester, Rochester, NY (1982).
  21. Levin et al., Phase Diagrams for Ceramists, 1969 Supplement (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, OH, 1969).
  22. Reference 4, p. 85.
  23. Reference 2, p. 73.
  24. R. W. Wood, Physical Optics (Macmillan, New York, 1905), p. 71.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited