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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 1990
  • pp: 4056–4060

Index profile control using Li+ for Na+ exchange in aluminosilicate glasses

Niels Haun, Douglas S. Kindred, and Duncan T. Moore  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 28, pp. 4056-4060 (1990)

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Two new techniques for altering the gradient-index profile shape are presented using ion exchange of Li+ for Na+ in an aluminosilicate glass. By varying the alkali concentration in the base glass and salt melt, the functional form of the index profile is modified to range in shape from convex to concave. The success of these techniques is attributed to the unusual characteristics of the initial system, which are shown to be caused by a nonlinear dependence of refractive index on dopant concentration.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: November 22, 1989
Published: October 1, 1990

Niels Haun, Douglas S. Kindred, and Duncan T. Moore, "Index profile control using Li+ for Na+ exchange in aluminosilicate glasses," Appl. Opt. 29, 4056-4060 (1990)

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  1. D. S. Kindred, D. T. Moore, “Design, Fabrication, and Testing of a Gradient-Index Binocular Objective,” Appl. Opt. 27, 492 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. N. Houde-Walter, “Field-Assisted Ion Exchange in Glass,” M.S. Thesis, Univ. of Rochester, 1983.
  3. S. D. Fantone, “Design, Engineering, and Manufacturing Aspects of Gradient Index Optical Components,” Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Rochester, 1979.
  4. D. P. Ryan-Howard, “Chromatic Properties of Index of Refraction Gradients in Glass,” Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Rochester, 1983.
  5. D. S. Kindred, J. Bentley, “Gradient Index Titania Flint Glasses,” submitted to Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 1989.
  6. S. N. Houde-Walter, D. T. Moore, “Real-Time Index Profile Measurement during GRIN Glass Fabrication,” Appl. Opt. 27, 508 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1975, p. 37.
  8. J. E. Samuels, “Influence of the Molten Slat Bath on Ion Exchange in Glass and the Gradient Index Profile,” M.S. Thesis, University of Rochester, 1989.

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