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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 1990
  • pp: 4105–4110

Adiabatic invariance in GRIN channel waveguides and its use in 3-dB cross couplers

Christopher P. Hussell, Ramu V. Ramaswamy, Ramakant Srivastava, and Janet L. Jackel  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 28, pp. 4105-4110 (1990)

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We have extended the local normal mode approach of Burns and Milton to derive the condition for adiabatic invariance in graded-index channel waveguides. The results show that in spite of the index-grading and 2-D confinement, the inequality describing the adiabatic condition is basically the same as that for step-index slab waveguides. To verify the predictions of the theory, we have fabricated, using ion exchange in glass, a cross coupler with two asymmetric input channel waveguides and two symmetric output guides. The experimental results show equal output power (3.0 ± 0.1 dB) from the two symmetric guides when either of the two unequal guides is excited, demonstrating excellent agreement with the theory.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: November 28, 1989
Published: October 1, 1990

Christopher P. Hussell, Ramu V. Ramaswamy, Ramakant Srivastava, and Janet L. Jackel, "Adiabatic invariance in GRIN channel waveguides and its use in 3-dB cross couplers," Appl. Opt. 29, 4105-4110 (1990)

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