OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 29, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 1990
  • pp: 4235–4240

Polarized light, the integrating sphere, and target calibration

Richard Anderson  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 28, pp. 4235-4240 (1990)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.29.004235


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (715 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper the calibration of nonideal diffuse targets is discussed where the targets are irradiated bypolarized light. Both measurements of conical–hemispherical or directional–hemispherical and bihemispherical reflectance are discussed. The targets do not depolarize the incident light and in some cases the wall of the integrating sphere may not be depolarizing and must be represented by a Mueller reflectance matrix. This means that the usual comparison technique of targets based on the scalar theory does not apply.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: April 12, 1989
Published: October 1, 1990

Citation
Richard Anderson, "Polarized light, the integrating sphere, and target calibration," Appl. Opt. 29, 4235-4240 (1990)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-29-28-4235


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. W. Ginsberg, J. J. Hsia, T. Limperis, “Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance,” in Self-Study Manual on Optical Radiation Measurements, Part 1, Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. Monogr.160 (1977), Chap. 6.
  2. D. G. Goebel, “Generalized Integrating-Sphere Theory,” Appl. Opt. 6, 125–128 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. A. Jacquez, H. F. Kuppenheim, “Theory of Integrating Sphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 460–470 (1955). [CrossRef]
  4. D. K. Edwards, J. T. Gier, K. E. Nelson, R. D. Roddick, “Integrating Sphere for Imperfectly Diffuse Samples,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1279–1288 (1961). [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Lowell, “Integrating Sphere Performance,” (Labsphere Corp., N. Sutton, NH, 1981).
  6. W. G. Egan, T. Hilgeman, “Integrating Spheres for Measurements Between 0.185 μm and 12 μm,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1137–1142 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. A. Zerlaut, T. E. Anderson, “Multiple-Integrating Sphere Spectrophotometer for Measuring Absolute Spectral Reflectance and Transmittance,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3797–3804 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. H. Venable, J. J. Hsia, V. R. Wiedner, “Development of an NBS Reference Spectrophotometer for Diffuse Transmittance and Reflectance,” Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. Tech. Note 594-11 (1976).
  9. J. B. Shumaker, “Distribution of Optical Radiation with Respect to Polarization,” in Self-Study Manual on Optical Measurements, Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. Tech. Note 910-3 (1977), Chap. 6.
  10. W. A. Shurcliff, Polarized Light (Harvard U. P.Cambridge, 1962).
  11. W. S. Bickel, W. M. Bailey, “Stokes Vectors and Mueller Matrices and Polarized Light,” Am. J. Phys. 53, 468–478 (1985). [CrossRef]
  12. D. A. Haner, R. T. Menzies, “Reflectance Characteristics of Reference Materials Used in Lidar Hard Target Calibration,” Appl. Opt. 28, 857–864 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. L. Mandel, E. Wolf, “Coherence Properties of Optical Fields,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 37, 231–287 (1965). [CrossRef]
  14. R. R. Wiley, “Results of Round Robin Measurements of Spectral Emittance in the Mid-Infrared,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 807, 140–147 (1987).
  15. L. M. Hansen, K. A. Snail, “Infrared Diffuse Reflectometer for Spectral, Angular, and Temperature Resolved Measurements,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 807, 148–159 (1987).
  16. J. T. Neu, R. S. Dummer, O. E. Myers, “Hemispherical Directional Ellipsoidial Infrared Spectrophotometer,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 807, 165–175 (1987).
  17. R. C. Thompson, J. R. Bottiger, E. S. Fry, “Measurement of Polarized Light Interactions Via the Mueller Matrix,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1323–1332 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited