OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 1990
  • pp: 4583–4589

Miniaturized spectrometer employing planar waveguides and grating couplers for chemical analysis

Don S. Goldman, P. L. White, and N. C. Anheier  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 31, pp. 4583-4589 (1990)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (937 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Polymeric and metal oxide planar waveguides were used to demonstrate the potential of a miniature spectrometer. Multiwavelength light was transmitted through the substrate and coupled into the waveguide through a diffraction grating located at the substrate/waveguide interface. A second diffraction grating spatially dispersed the light propagated through the waveguide into component wavelengths for rapid analysis with a photodiode array detector. These results suggest that planar waveguides can be used to perform attenuated total internal reflection measurements in the visible and near-IR regions for chemical analysis of weak vibrational overtones and combination modes with effective path lengths of several millimeters.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: February 20, 1990
Published: November 1, 1990

Don S. Goldman, P. L. White, and N. C. Anheier, "Miniaturized spectrometer employing planar waveguides and grating couplers for chemical analysis," Appl. Opt. 29, 4583-4589 (1990)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. T. Ives, W. M. Reichert, “Protein Absorption on the Surface of a Thin-Film Polymer Integrated Optical Waveguide,” Appl. Spectrosc. 42, 68–72 (1988). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Phelan, K. Tiefenthaler, W. Lukosz, “Integrated Optical Input Grating Couplers and Biochemical Sensors,” Sensors and Actuators, 15, 285–295 (1988). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Tiefenthaler, W. Lukosz, “Grating Couplers as Integrated Optical Humidity and Gas Sensors,” Thin Solid Films 126, 205–211 (1985). [CrossRef]
  4. J. D. Swalen, R. Santo, M. Tacke, J. Fischer, “Properties of Polymeric Thin Films by Integrated Optical Techniques,” IBM J. Res. Dev.March, 1977, 168–174 (1977). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, Yoh-Han Pao, Ed. Academic, New York, 1974).
  6. H. Hogelnik “Theory of Dielectric Waveguides,” Integrated Optics, T. Tamir, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1975), Ch. 3.
  7. X. Mai, R. Moshrefzadeh, U. J. Gibson, G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, “Simple Versatile Method for Fabricating Guided-Wave Gratings,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3155–3161 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, J. P. Fillard, “A Simple Method for the Determination of the Optical Constants n, k and the Thickness of Weakly Absorbing Thin Film,” J. Phys. E. 9, 1002–1003 (1976). [CrossRef]
  9. R. L. Davis, R. S. Hickernell, “Thin Film Oxides of Vanadium, Niobium and Tantalum for Integrated Optics,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 408, 27–33 (1983).
  10. J. J. Kelly, C. H. Barlow, T. M. Jinguji, J. B. Callis, “Prediction of Gasoline Octane Numbers from Near Infrared Spectral Features in the Range 660–1215 nm,” Anal. Chem. 61, 313–320 (1989). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Moshrezadeh, B. Svensson, Xu Mai, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, “Chirped Gratings for Efficient Coupling into Nonlinear Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 390–391 (1987). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited