Laser-induced fluorescence in oxygen, in combination with Raman scattering, is shown to be an accurate means by which temperature, density, and their fluctuations owing to turbulence can be measured in air flows associated with high speed wind tunnels. For temperatures above 60 K and densities above 0.01 amagat, the uncertainties in the temperature and density measurements can be <2%, if the signal uncertainties are dominated by photon statistical noise. The measurements are unaffected by collisional quenching and can be achieved with laser fluences for which nonlinear effects are insignificant. Temperature measurements using laser-induced fluorescence alone have been demonstrated at known densities in the range of low temperatures and densities which are expected in a hypersonic wind tunnel.
© 1990 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: March 15, 1990
Published: November 20, 1990
Gabriel Laufer, Robert L. McKenzie, and Douglas G. Fletcher, "Method for measuring temperatures and densities in hypersonic wind tunnel air flows using laser-induced O2 fluorescence," Appl. Opt. 29, 4873-4883 (1990)