Laser beam lithography for micro-Fresnel lenses (MFLs) with blazed grooves is proposed and demonstrated including the system configuration and characteristics of the resulting lenses. The resolution is even better than that of electron-beam lithography in forming 1-μm deep relief gratings in resist. A laser beam lithographed MFL with a diameter as large as 9.6 mm is described as well as a compact MFL (N.A. 0.21) butt coupled to an optical waveguide. In these two distinct MFLs, nearly diffraction-limited spot sizes have been obtained with diffraction efficiencies of 50% or more. A specific MFL array used for an integrated optic laser Doppler velocimeter is also presented.
© 1990 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 24, 1989
Published: December 1, 1990
Masamitsu Haruna, Masanobu Takahashi, Kohji Wakahayashi, and Hiroshi Nishihara, "Laser beam lithographed micro-Fresnel lenses," Appl. Opt. 29, 5120-5126 (1990)