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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 29, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 1990
  • pp: 5360–5365

Passive fiber optic gyroscope

Gert F. Trommer, Hans Poisel, Wolfhardt Buhler, Engelbert Hartl, and Reinhard Muller  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 36, pp. 5360-5365 (1990)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.29.005360


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Abstract

A fiber optic gyroscope different from the standard concept is presented. A fused fiber 3 × 3 directional coupler provides a constant phase shift thus enabling the detection of rotation rate at the quadrature point without phase modulation. Bias errors due to birefringent coupling centers in the fiber coil are avoided by using an unpolarized light source. A contrast insensitive signal recovery scheme eliminates the influence of polarization fluctuations on the scale factor. First measurements with a prototype gyroscope (90 mm in diameter and 23 mm in height) show a bias stability of <4.7°/h and scale factor accuracy of <0.1% in the range of ±200°/s.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 28, 1989
Published: December 20, 1990

Citation
Gert F. Trommer, Hans Poisel, Wolfhardt Buhler, Engelbert Hartl, and Reinhard Muller, "Passive fiber optic gyroscope," Appl. Opt. 29, 5360-5365 (1990)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-29-36-5360


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References

  1. S. Ezekiel, H. J. Arditty, Fiber-Optic Rotation Sensors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982).
  2. G. Schiffner, W. R. Leeb, H. Krammer, J. Wittmann, “Reciprocity of Birefringent Single-Mode Fibers for Optical Gyros,” Appl. Opt. 18, 2096–2097 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  9. G. Trommer, “Wavelength Dependence of 3 × 3 Fiber Coupler for Gyro Application,” Electron. Lett. 25, 944–945 (1989). [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Davis, A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, A. Dandridge, “Characterization of 3 × 3 Fiber Couplers for Passive Homodyne Systems: Polarization and Temperature Sensitivity,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1989 Technical Digest Series, Vol. 5 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), p. 103.
  11. W. K. Burns, C. Chen, R. Moeller, “Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes with Broad-Band Sources,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 98–105 (1983). [CrossRef]
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