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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 1990
  • pp: 531–537

Schlieren effect in Amici prisms

Gustavo Rodríguez-Zurita, Rufino Díaz-Uribe, and Beatriz Fuentes-Madariaga  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 531-537 (1990)

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It is shown that a system consisting of a polarizer, an Amici prism, and an analyzer may act like a phase and amplitude spatial filter capable of producing four fully distinct images. Two of these are complementary Schlieren or Foucault testlike images, another one is like a phase-edge test pattern, and the fourth is similar to a bright field image. An analysis is made of how the system works when the incident beam is collimated. The formation of the observed images can be explained by assuming that this analysis remains valid for incident beams of small covergence. Some experimental results are presented.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: September 23, 1987
Published: February 1, 1990

Gustavo Rodríguez-Zurita, Rufino Díaz-Uribe, and Beatriz Fuentes-Madariaga, "Schlieren effect in Amici prisms," Appl. Opt. 29, 531-537 (1990)

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  1. A. I. Mahan, “Focal Plane Anomalies in Roof Prisms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am., 35, 623–645 (1945). [CrossRef]
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  5. B. Fuentes-Madariaga, R. Díaz-Uribe, G. Rodríguez-Zurita, “Polarizing Properties of Roof Prisms” in preparation.
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  7. Rays making an angle >18° from the normal to the entrance face of the prism may not be totally reflected on the roof, and their behavior is not described even in approximate form by the theory of Sec. II.
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  9. G. Rodríquez-Zurita, R. Díaz-Uribe, “Phase-Edge Effect in Amici Prisms” Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, 573–574 (1987). [CrossRef]

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