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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 29, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 1990
  • pp: 531–537

Schlieren effect in Amici prisms

Gustavo Rodríguez-Zurita, Rufino Díaz-Uribe, and Beatriz Fuentes-Madariaga  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 531-537 (1990)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.29.000531


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Abstract

It is shown that a system consisting of a polarizer, an Amici prism, and an analyzer may act like a phase and amplitude spatial filter capable of producing four fully distinct images. Two of these are complementary Schlieren or Foucault testlike images, another one is like a phase-edge test pattern, and the fourth is similar to a bright field image. An analysis is made of how the system works when the incident beam is collimated. The formation of the observed images can be explained by assuming that this analysis remains valid for incident beams of small covergence. Some experimental results are presented.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: September 23, 1987
Published: February 1, 1990

Citation
Gustavo Rodríguez-Zurita, Rufino Díaz-Uribe, and Beatriz Fuentes-Madariaga, "Schlieren effect in Amici prisms," Appl. Opt. 29, 531-537 (1990)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-29-4-531


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References

  1. A. I. Mahan, “Focal Plane Anomalies in Roof Prisms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am., 35, 623–645 (1945). [CrossRef]
  2. A. I. Mahan, E. E. Price, “Diffraction Pattern Deterioration by Roof Prisms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am., 40, 664–686 (1950). [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Tareev, “Effect of Polarization Phenomena in Roof Prisms on the Energy Distribution in an Image,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol., 52, 573–576 (1985).
  4. V. I. Korneev, A. M. Tareev, “Effect of Polarization on the Optical Transfer Function of Roof Prisms,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol., 53, 402–405 (1986).
  5. B. Fuentes-Madariaga, R. Díaz-Uribe, G. Rodríguez-Zurita, “Polarizing Properties of Roof Prisms” in preparation.
  6. R. Barakat, “General Diffraction Theory of Optical Aberration Tests, from the Point of View of Spatial Filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am., 59, 1432–1439 (1969). [CrossRef]
  7. Rays making an angle >18° from the normal to the entrance face of the prism may not be totally reflected on the roof, and their behavior is not described even in approximate form by the theory of Sec. II.
  8. J. Ojeda-Castaneda, “Foucault, Wire, and Phase Modulation Tests,” in Optical Shop Testing, D. Malacara, Ed., (Wiley, New York, 1978), Chap. 8.
  9. G. Rodríquez-Zurita, R. Díaz-Uribe, “Phase-Edge Effect in Amici Prisms” Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 813, 573–574 (1987). [CrossRef]

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