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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 1990
  • pp: 1150–1156

Simulation of tapered transitions in ion-exchanged channel waveguides

Hsing C. Cheng and Ramu V. Ramaswamy  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 8, pp. 1150-1156 (1990)

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Tapered transitions in the ion-exchanged glass waveguide are modeled to predict the index profile, propagation constant, and modal field along the taper. Results are in excellent agreement with the experimental data in Ag+–Na+ exchanged tapers fabricated by a two-step process in BK7 glass.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: June 13, 1989
Published: March 10, 1990

Hsing C. Cheng and Ramu V. Ramaswamy, "Simulation of tapered transitions in ion-exchanged channel waveguides," Appl. Opt. 29, 1150-1156 (1990)

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  1. P. G. Suchoski, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Constant-Width Variable Index Transition for Efficient Ti:LiNbO3 Waveguide-Fiber Coupling,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1246–1251 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. P. G. Suchoski, R. V. Ramaswamy, “An Exact Numerical Technique for the Analysis of Step Discontinuities and Tapers in Optical Dielectric Waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 194–203 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Mahapatra, J. M. Connors, “Thermal Tapering of Ion-Exchanged Channel Guides in Glass,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Santa Fe, NM (1988), paper MF13.
  4. H. Zhenguang, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Low-Loss Small-Mode Passive Waveguides and Near-Adiabatic Tapers in BK7 Glass,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-7, 1590–1596 (1989). [CrossRef]
  5. R. G. Walker, C. D. W. Wilkinson, J. A. H. Wilkinson, “Integrated Optical Waveguiding Structures Made by Silver Ion-Exchange in Glass. 1: The Propagation Characteristics of Stripe Ion-Exchanged Waveguides; a Theoretical and Experimental Investigation,” Appl. Opt. 22, 1923–1928 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  7. H. C. Cheng, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Simulation of the Radiation Loss of Postbaked Ion-Exchanged Thermal Tapers by BPM,” in Technical Digest, MOC/GRIN, Tokyo (1989), paper B2.
  8. R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, “Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides: A Review,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-6, 984–1002 (1988). [CrossRef]
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  10. R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, P. Chludzinski, T. J. Anderson, “Influence of Ag+–Na+ Ion-Exchange Equilibrium on Waveguide Index Profiles,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 780–786 (1988). [CrossRef]
  11. R. H. Doremus, “Exchange and Diffusion of Ions in Glass,” J. Phys. Chem. 68, 2212–2218 (1964). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Srivastava, H. Zhenguang, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Effect of Annealing on Diffused Channel Waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 29, 330–331 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. J. M. White, P. F. Heidrich, “Optical Waveguide Refractive Index Profiles Determined from Measurement of Mode Indices: A Simple Analysis,” Appl. Opt. 15, 151–155 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  16. R. V. Ramaswamy, S. I. Najafi, “Planar, Buried, Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides: Diffusion Characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 883–891 (1986). [CrossRef]
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