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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 1990
  • pp: 1365–1368

Saturation effects on the coupling efficiency of a nonlinear grating coupler

R. Moshrefzadeh  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 9, pp. 1365-1368 (1990)

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We report a theoretical study and a numerical analysis of the coupling efficiency of a grating coupler in a slab waveguide with a nonlinear guiding medium characterized by a saturable index of refraction. A phenomenological relationship is assumed for the saturation of the nonlinearity.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 10, 1989
Published: March 20, 1990

R. Moshrefzadeh, "Saturation effects on the coupling efficiency of a nonlinear grating coupler," Appl. Opt. 29, 1365-1368 (1990)

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  1. G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, “Nonlinear Integrated Optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, R57–R78 (1985). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Moshrefzadeh, X. Mai, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, “Efficient Grating Couplers for Polymer Waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2501 (1987). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Liao, G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, R. L. Shoemaker, J. D. Valera, “Nonlinear Distributed Waveguide Couplers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 590–594 (1985). [CrossRef]
  4. W. Lukosz, V. Briguet, J. Kramer, “External Grating Couplers on Planar Waveguides: Linear and Nonlinear Coupling and Optical Bistability,” Opt. Commun. 69, 121–127 (1988). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Burzynski, B. P. Singh, P. N. Prasad, R. Zanoni, G. I. Stegeman, “Nonlinear Optical Processes in a Polymer Waveguide: Grating Coupler Measurements of Electronic and Thermal Nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2011–2013 (1988). [CrossRef]
  6. M. J. Goodwin, C. J. Rowe, I. Bennion, C. Trundle, “Periodic Grating Structures in Nonlinear Optical Waveguides,” in Proc. of the 4th European Conference on Integrated Optics, Glasgow, UK (1987), p. 182.
  7. Y. J. Chen, G. M. Carter, G. J. Sonek, J. M. Ballantyne, “Nonlinear Optical Coupling to Planar GaAs, AlGaAs Wave guides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 272–274 (1986). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Vincent, N. Paraire, M. Neviere, A. Koster, R. Reinisch, “Gratings in Nonlinear Optics and Optical Bistability,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1106–1116 (1985). [CrossRef]
  9. H. G. Winful, G. I. Stegeman, “Applications of Nonlinear Periodic Structures in Guided Wave Optics,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 517, 214–218 (1985).
  10. M. Neviere, P. Vincent, N. Paraine, R. Reinisch, “A New Use of Gratings: Bistable Components,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 503, 216–223 (1984).
  11. G. M. Carter, Y. J. Chen, S. K. Tripathy, “Intensity Dependent Index of Refraction in Organic Materials,” Opt. Eng. 24, 609–612 (1985).
  12. P. M. Nellen, K. Tiefenthaler, W. Lukosz, “Integrated Optical Input Grating Couplers as Biochemical Sensors,” Sensors and Actuators 15, 285–295 (1988). [CrossRef]
  13. V. Briguet, P. Pirani, W. Lukosz, “Self-Pulsing in Prism Coupling into Planar Waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 12, 525–527 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. M. Fortenberry, G. Assanto, R. Moshrefzadeh, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, “Pulsed Excitation of Nonlinear Distributed Coupling into Zinc Oxide Optical Guides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 425–431 (1988). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Assanto, R. M. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, “Theory of Pulsed Excitation of Nonlinear Distributed Prism Couplers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 432–442 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Moshrefzadeh, B. Svensson, M. Xu, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, “Chirped Gratings for Efficient Coupling into Nonlinear Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 390–391 (1987). [CrossRef]

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