The extinction coefficient, albedo of single scattering, and differential scattering and polarization properties of water clouds and hazes in the visible and infrared have been computed using the complete Mie series. The results with three types of size distributions are presented and compared with observations. These show a strong dependence of angular intensity and polarization patterns on the size distribution, the size range, and the dielectric and absorbing properties of water droplets at each wavelength. A peculiarity of scattering at angles near 45°, observed experimentally and independently by two authors, is corroborated by the numerical results. Prominent observational features characteristic of natural fog, such as an extremely bright and narrow aureole, cloudbows, and glories, are reproduced in a model cloud of spherical water droplets, with a wide distribution in droplet radius and a maximum concentration at a 4-μ radius.
D. Deirmendjian, "Scattering and Polarization Properties of Water Clouds and Hazes in the Visible and Infrared," Appl. Opt. 3, 187-196 (1964)