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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 3, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1964
  • pp: 1033–1036

Polarization Interference Microscopes

M. Françon  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 3, Issue 9, pp. 1033-1036 (1964)

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Polarization interference microscopes are very simple instruments. They can be used in white light and enable the observation and measurement of transparent objects. Some new instruments are described, notably a device which works in reflected light and allows the study of curved reflecting surfaces.

© 1964 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: June 11, 1964
Published: September 1, 1964

M. Françon, "Polarization Interference Microscopes," Appl. Opt. 3, 1033-1036 (1964)

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  1. M. Françon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 528 (1951). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Françon, Progress in Microscopy (Pergamon Press, London, 1961).
  3. W. Krug, J. Rienitz, G. Schultz, Beitraege zur Interferenzmikroskopie (Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1961).
  4. A. A. Lebedeff, Rev. Opt. 9, 385 (1930).
  5. L. P. Johannson, An Interference Microscope for Rapid Measurements of Biological Objects. Cyto-Chemical Methods with Quantitative Aims (Academic Press, New York, 1957), p. 157.
  6. M. Françon, T. Yamamoto, Optica Acta 9, 395 (1962). [CrossRef]
  7. F. H. Smith, Microscopic Interferometry, Modern Methods of Microscopy (Butterworths, London, 1956), p. 76.
  8. G. Nomarski, J. Phys. Radium 16, 9 (1955).
  9. G. Nomarski, “Dispositif interférentiel à polarisation pour l’étude des objects transparents ou opaques”, brevet d’invention du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (May1952).
  10. W. Krug, J. Rienitz, G. Schultz, Contributions to Interference Microscopy (Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1960; Hilger and Watts, London, 1964).

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