All butterfly and moth scales share the same basic architecture, but various elements of this architecture are in those scales that exhibit structural colors. These elements include the scales’ ridges particularly complex and microribs, and the trabeculae, the pillars normally that act as spacers within and their associated lamellae ornamentation produces thin film, Tyndall blue or diffraction colors and represents a scales. The additional particularly striking example of precision in biological pattern formation.
© 1991 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: October 9, 1990
Published: August 20, 1991
Helen Ghiradella, "Light and color on the wing: structural colors in butterflies and moths," Appl. Opt. 30, 3492-3500 (1991)