OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 30, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 1991
  • pp: 3492–3500

Light and color on the wing: structural colors in butterflies and moths

Helen Ghiradella  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 30, Issue 24, pp. 3492-3500 (1991)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.30.003492


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3752 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

All butterfly and moth scales share the same basic architecture, but various elements of this architecture are in those scales that exhibit structural colors. These elements include the scales’ ridges particularly complex and microribs, and the trabeculae, the pillars normally that act as spacers within and their associated lamellae ornamentation produces thin film, Tyndall blue or diffraction colors and represents a scales. The additional particularly striking example of precision in biological pattern formation.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: October 9, 1990
Published: August 20, 1991

Citation
Helen Ghiradella, "Light and color on the wing: structural colors in butterflies and moths," Appl. Opt. 30, 3492-3500 (1991)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-30-24-3492


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. W. Mason, “Structural colors in insects. I,” J. Phys. Chem. 30, 383–395 (1926). [CrossRef]
  2. C. W. Mason, “Structural colors in insects. II,” J. Phys. Chem. 31, 321–354 (1927). [CrossRef]
  3. C. W. Mason, “Structural colors in insects. III,” J. Phys. Chem. 31, 1856–1872 (1927). [CrossRef]
  4. A. C. Allyn, J. Downey, “Diffraction structures in the wing scales of Callophrys (Mitoura) siva siva (Lycaenidae),” Bull. Allyn Mus. 40, 1–6 (1976).
  5. A. C. Allyn, J. C. Downey, “Observations on male U-V reflectance and scale ultrastructure in Phoebis (Pieridae),” Bull. Allyn Mus. 42, 1–20 (1977).
  6. H. Ghiradella, “Development of ultraviolet-reflecting butterfly scales: how to make an interference filter,” J. Morphol. 142, 395–410 (1974). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Ghiradella, “Structure of iridescent lepidopteran scales: variations on several themes,” Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 77, 637–645 (1984).
  8. H. Ghiradella, “Structure and Development of iridescent lepidopteran scales: the papilionidae as a showcase family,” Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 78, 252–264 (1986).
  9. H. Ghiradella, “Structure and development of iridescent butterfly scales: lattices and laminae,” J. Morphol. 202, 69–88 (1989). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Ghiradella, D. Aneshensley, T. Eisner, R. Silberglied, H. E. Hinton, “Ultraviolet reflection of a male butterfly: interference color caused by thin-layer elaboration of wing scales,” Science 178, 1214–1217 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Ghiradella, W. Radigan, “Development of butterfly scales. II. Struts, lattices, and surface tension,” J. Morphol. 150, 279–298 (1976). [CrossRef]
  12. M. E. Greenstein, “The ultrastructure of developing wings in the giant silkmoth, Hyalophora cecropia. II. Scale forming and socket forming cells,” J. Morphol. 136, 23–52 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Huxley, “The coloration of Papilio zalmoxis and P. antimachus and the discovery of Tyndall blue in butterflies,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B 193, 441–453 (1976). [CrossRef]
  14. W. Lippert, K. Gentil, “Über lamellare Feinstrukturen bei den Schillerschuppen der Schmetterlinge vom Urania- and Morpho-typ,” Z. Morphol. Oekol. Tiere 48, 115–122 (1959). [CrossRef]
  15. R. B. Morris, “Iridescence from diffraction structures in the wing scales of Callophrys rubi, the green hairstreak,” J. Entomol. Ser. A 49, 149–154 (1975). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Schmidt, H. Paulus, “Die Feinstrukturen der Flugelschuppen einiger Lycaeniden (Insecta, Lepidoptera),” Z. Morphol. Tiere 66, 224–241 (1970). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Spurr, “A low viscosity epoxy resin embedding medium for electron microscopy,” J. Ultrastruct. Res. 26, 31–43 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Venable, R. Coggeshall, “A simplified lead citrate stain for use in electron microscopy,” J. Cell Biol. 25, 407–408 (1965). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Overton, “Microtubules and microfibrils in morphogenesis of the scale cells of Ephestia kuhniella,” J. Cell Biol. 29, 293–305 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. N. Paweletz, F. W. Schlote, “Die Entwicklung der Schmetterlingsshuppe bei Ephestia kuhniella Zeller,” Z. Zellforsch. Mikrosk. Anat. 63, 840–870 (1964). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Nardi, S. M. MaGee-Adams, “Formation of scale spacing patterns in a moth wing. I. epithelial feet may mediate cell rearrangement,” Dev. Biol. 116, 278–290 (1986). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Locke, “The structure and formation of cuticulin layer in the epicuticle of an insect, Calpodes ethlius (lepidoptera, hesperidae),” J. Morphol. 118, 461–494 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S. Timoshenko, J. Gere, Theory of Elastic Stability (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).
  24. A. C. Neville, S. Caveney, “Scarabaeid beetle exocuticle as an optical analogue of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Biol. Rev. 44, 531–562 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S. Caveney, “Cuticle reflectivity and optical activity in scarab beetles: the role of uric acid,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B 178, 205–225 (1971). [CrossRef]
  26. T. Eisner, Division of Neurobiology and Behavior; Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (personal communication).
  27. R. E. Silberglied, “Ultraviolet reflection of pierid butterflies: phylogenetic implications and biological significance,” M.S. thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. (1969).
  28. R. E. Silberglied, “Ultraviolet reflection of butterflies and its behavioral role in the genus, Colias (Lepidoptera—Pieridae),” Ph.D. dissertation (Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1973).
  29. R. E. Silberglied, O. R. Taylor, “Ultraviolet differences between the Sulfur butterflies, Colias eurytheme and C. philodice, and a possible isolating mechanism,” Nature (London) 241, 406–408 (1973). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited