Selective optical excitation permits both the group index and the group delay of on-axis modes of multimode fibers to be determined with high precision. The group index of several types of fiber was measured at 1310 nm in a fiber Michelson interferometer, and the values were tabulated. Group delays were obtained from the transit time of short-duration optical pulses. From these data the length of reference fibers ∼2 km long was calculated. Length-measurement accuracy was limited by group-index uncertainties to ∼0.04%. Also, a technique that uses these reference fibers to minimize uncertainties in distance measurements made with multimode optical-time-domain reflectometers is described.
© 1991 Optical Society of America
B. L. Danielson, "Precise length measurements in multimode optical fibers," Appl. Opt. 30, 3867-3872 (1991)