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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 30, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 1991
  • pp: 4350–4357

Multiple Stokes wavelength generation in H2, D2, and CH4 for lidar aerosol measurements

Zhiping Chu, Upendra N. Singh, and Thomas D. Wilkerson  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 30, Issue 30, pp. 4350-4357 (1991)

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We report experimental results of multiple Stokes generation of a frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser in H2, D2, and CH4 in a focusing geometry. The energies at four Stokes orders were measured as functions of pump energy and gas pressure. The characteristics of the Stokes radiation generated in these gases are compared for optical production of multiple wavelengths. The competition between Raman components is analyzed in terms of cascade Raman scattering and four-wave mixing. The results indicate the possibility of using these generation processes for atmospheric aerosol measurements by means of multiwavelength lidar systems. Also this study distinguishes between the gases, as regards the tendency to produce several wavelengths (H2, D2) versus the preference to produce mainly first Stokes radiation (CH4).

© 1991 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: August 30, 1990
Published: October 20, 1991

Zhiping Chu, Upendra N. Singh, and Thomas D. Wilkerson, "Multiple Stokes wavelength generation in H2, D2, and CH4 for lidar aerosol measurements," Appl. Opt. 30, 4350-4357 (1991)

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