We report a fiber-optic refractive-index sensor that is applicable to a long-distance measurement. The sensor consists of a silica glass fiber bent into a U shape with a bending radius of typically several hundred micrometers. The cladding at the tip of the sensor is stripped off. The sensing mechanism is based on the variation of the output intensity that is induced by radiation loss at the bend, which enables us to measure the refractive index of the outer medium. A fabrication method of fusing the sensor with a CO2 laser and etching with HF is described. Multipoint measurements of optical-time-domain reflectometry are also described.
© 1992 Optical Society of America
Takashi Takeo and Hajime Hattori, "Silica glass fiber photorefractometer," Appl. Opt. 31, 44-50 (1992)