Mie theory and geometrical-optics ray tracing are used to obtain the distribution of electric energy density inside a nonabsorbing micrometer-sized sphere illuminated by a polarized plane wave. The Mie solution shows the multiply reflected geometrical-optics rays inside a sphere having a diameter of ~ 150 free-space wavelengths (size parameter = circumference/wavelength = 500). The geometrical-optics result shows the major features of the Mie solution and provides a physical interpretation of the electromagnetic interactions that result in the observed energy-density distributions. Both solutions show internal on-axis energy-density maxima inside the shadow surface of the sphere. The region of greatest enhanced energy density is approximately one internal wavelength in diameter and approximately twenty internal wavelengths in length.
© 1992 Optical Society of America
Dipakbin Q. Chowdhury, Peter W. Barber, and Steven C. Hill, "Energy-density distribution inside large nonabsorbing spheres by using Mie theory and geometrical optics," Appl. Opt. 31, 3518-3523 (1992)