OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 31, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 1992
  • pp: 4853–4856

Heterodyne detection by using a diffraction-free beam: tilt and offset effects

Khan M. Iftekharuddin and Mohammad A. Karim  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 31, Issue 23, pp. 4853-4856 (1992)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (405 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The advantage of using a diffraction-free light beam in heterodyne detection is investigated. Optimum values of tilt and offset of the incoming signal beam for attaining the maximum heterodyne mixing efficiency are identified.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: October 30, 1991
Published: August 10, 1992

Khan M. Iftekharuddin and Mohammad A. Karim, "Heterodyne detection by using a diffraction-free beam: tilt and offset effects," Appl. Opt. 31, 4853-4856 (1992)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. O. E. DeLange, “Optical heterodyne detection,” IEEE Spectrum 5(10), 77–86 (1968). [CrossRef]
  2. M. C. Teich, “Infrared heterodyne detection,” Proc. IEEE 50, 37–47 (1968). [CrossRef]
  3. M. C. Teich, “Laser heterodyning,” Opt. Acta 32, 1015–1021 (1985).
  4. R. A. Linke, P. S. Henry, “Coherent optical detection: a thousand calls in one circuit,” IEEE Spectrum 24(2), 52–57 (1987).
  5. S. F. Jacobs, “Optical heterodyne (coherent) detection,” Am. J. Phys. 56, 235–245 (1988). [CrossRef]
  6. M. A. Karim, Electro-Optical Devices & Systems (PWS-Kent, Boston, Mass., 1990).
  7. J. H. Shaprio, “Heterodyne mixing efficiency for detector arrays,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3600–3606 (1987). [CrossRef]
  8. J. N. Pranto, “Investigation of heterodyne mixing efficiency variations due to optical misalignments and aberations,” M.S thesis (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, N.M., 1988).
  9. L. G. Kazovsky, N. S. Kopeika, “Heterodyne detection through rain, snow, and turbid media: effective receiver size at optical through millimeter wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 22, 706–710 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. E. Siegman, “The antenna properties of optical heterodyne receivers,” Proc. IEEE 54, 1350–1356 (1966). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Tanaka, N. Ohta, “Effects of tilt and offset of signal field on heterodyne efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 26, 627–632 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Durnin, “Exact solutions for nondiffracting beams. I. The scalar theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 651–654 (1987). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Thewes, M. A. Karim, A. A. S. Awwal, “Diffraction-free beam generation using refracting system,” Opt. Laser Technol. 23, 105–108 (1991). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Turunen, A. Vasara, A. T. Friberg, Holographic generation of diffraction-free beams,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3959–3962 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. H. Lee, B. W. Stewart, W. Will, H. Fenichel, “Nondiffracting approximated Bessel beam (J1),” in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper ThI4.
  17. R. M. Herman, T. A. Wiggins, “Production and uses of diffractionless beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 932–942 (1991). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Szwaykowski, J. O. Castaneda, “Nondiffracting beams and self-imaging phenomenon,” Opt. Commun. 83, 1–4 (1991). [CrossRef]
  19. I. N. Bronshtein, K. A. Semendyayev, Handbook of Mathematics (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1985).
  20. H. Kogelnik, A. Yariv, “Considerations of noise and schemes for its reduction in laser amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 52, 165–173 (1964). [CrossRef]
  21. R. H. Kingston, Detection of Optical and Infrared Radiation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited