OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 31, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 1992
  • pp: 6501–6509

Solar ultraviolet spectroradiometry in New Zealand: instrumentation and sample results from 1990

R. L. McKenzie, P. V. Johnston, M. Kotkamp, A. Bittar, and J. D. Hamlin  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 31, Issue 30, pp. 6501-6509 (1992)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1184 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In 1988 the New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research initiated a program to characterize the spectrum of solar ultraviolet radiation reaching the ground in New Zealand and to identify the extent and causes of its variability. Routine measurements began at Lauder (45° S, 170° E) in December 1989. The instrumentation, measurement strategy, and calibration procedures are discussed and uncertainties in the measurements are analyzed. With the present system useful measurements at 1-nm resolution are limited to irradiances greater than 10−3 μW cm−2 nm−1, which corresponds to a lower limit in wavelength in the region 290–295 nm (depending on the Sun angle and ozone amount). This is a useful lower limit for many applications of relevance to the biosphere. Results from the first year of operation are presented and discussed.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 11, 1991
Published: October 20, 1992

R. L. McKenzie, P. V. Johnston, M. Kotkamp, A. Bittar, and J. D. Hamlin, "Solar ultraviolet spectroradiometry in New Zealand: instrumentation and sample results from 1990," Appl. Opt. 31, 6501-6509 (1992)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. L. McKenzie, J. M. Elwood, “Intensity of solar ultraviolet and its implications for skin cancer,” N. Z. Med. J. 103, 152–154 (1990). [PubMed]
  2. P. Bener, “Approximate values of intensity of natural ultraviolet radiation for different amounts of atmospheric ozone,” Tech. Rep. AF 61(052)-54 (U.S. Army, European Research Office, London, 1972).
  3. J. J. De Luisi, J. M. Harris, Characteristics of ultraviolet radiation in the human erythema band measured with a Robertson–Berger meter and a double monochromator, Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-99 (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Research Laboratories, Boulder, Colo., 1981).
  4. C. R. Roy, H. P. Gies, G. Elliot, “Solar ultraviolet radiation: personal exposure and protection,” J. Occup. Health Safety Aust. N. Z. 4, 133–139 (1988).
  5. A. Bittar, R. L. McKenzie, “Spectral ultraviolet intensity measurements at 45 °S: 1980 and 1988,” Geophys. Res. 95, 5597–5603 (1990). [CrossRef]
  6. R. L. McKenzie, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, “The relationship between erythemal UV and ozone, derived from spectral irradiance measurements,” Geophys. Res Lett 18, 2269–2272 (1991). [CrossRef]
  7. F. X. Kniezys, E. P. Shettle, L. W. Abreu, J. H. Chetwynd, G. P. Anderson, W. O. Gallery, J. E. A. Salby, S. A. Clough, “Users guide to lowtran 77” Rep. AFGL-TR-88-0177 (U.S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscon Air Force Base, Mass., 1988).
  8. R. W. H. Dunkley, “UV monochromator and suntracking device for PEL Lauder,” Phys. Eng. Lab. Man. 424 (1989).
  9. J. C. Arvesen, R. N. Griffin, B. D. Pearson, “Determination of solar spectral irradiance from a research aircraft,” Appl. Opt. 8, 2215–2232, (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Nicolet, “The solar spectral irradiance and its action in the atmospheric photodissociation processes,” Planet. Space Sci. 29, 951–974 (1981). [CrossRef]
  11. F. Wilkinson, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, National Measurement Laboratory, Sydney, Australia (personal communication).
  12. A. F. McKinlay, B. L. Diffey, “A reference action spectrum for ultraviolet induced erythema in human skin,” CIE J. 6, 17–22 (1987).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited