OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 31, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 1992
  • pp: 6535–6546

Use of polarized light to discriminate short-path photons in a multiply scattering medium

J. M. Schmitt, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and R. F. Bonner  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 31, Issue 30, pp. 6535-6546 (1992)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.31.006535


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1535 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe a method for discriminating short- and long-path photons transmitted through a multiply scattering medium that is based on the relationship between the polarization states of the incident and forward-scattered light. Results of Monte Carlo simulations and experiments show that if the scattering anisotropy of the scatterers is sufficiently small, absorbing barriers embedded in optically dense suspensions of polystyrene spheres can be resolved with good contrast by selectively detecting a component of the scattered-light intensity that has preserved its incident circular polarization state. The principles of operation of a polarization-modulation system capable of measuring small polarization fractions are explained. Using this system we were able to measure polarized light in a depolarized background over 1000 times as large.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 9, 1991
Published: October 20, 1992

Citation
J. M. Schmitt, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and R. F. Bonner, "Use of polarized light to discriminate short-path photons in a multiply scattering medium," Appl. Opt. 31, 6535-6546 (1992)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-31-30-6535


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. C. MacKintosh, J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, “Polarization memory of multiply scattered light,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 9342–9345 (1989). [CrossRef]
  2. K. M. Yoo, R. R. Alfano, “Time-resolved depolarization of multiple backscattered light from random media,” Phys. Lett. A 142, 531–536 (1989). [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. McCormick, “Particle-size-distribution retrieval from backscattered polarized radiation measurements: a proposed method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1811–1816 (1990). [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, J. X. Zhu, E. Herbolzheimer, “Diffusing-wave spectroscopy: dynamic light scattering in the multiple scattering limit,” J. Phys. (Paris) 51, 2101–2127 (1990). [CrossRef]
  5. K. Shimuzu, A. Ishimaru, L. Reynolds, A. P. Bruckner, “Backscattering of a picosecond pulse from densely distributed scatterers,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3484–3488 (1979). [CrossRef]
  6. D. T. Delpy, M. Cope, P. Van der Zee, S. Arridge, S. Wray, J. Wyatt, “Estimation of optical pathlength through tissue from direct time of flight measurement,” Phys. Med. Biol. 33, 1433–1442 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. Chance, J. Leigh, H. Miyake, D. Smith, S. Nioka, R. Greenfield, M. Finlander, K. Kaufmann, W. Levy, M. Young, P. Cohen, H. Yoshioka, R. Boretsky, “Comparison of time-resolved and -unresolved measurements of deoxyhemoglobin in brain,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85, 4971–4975 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Hebden, R. A. Kruger, K. S. Wong, “Time-resolved imaging through a highly scattering medium,” Appl. Opt. 30, 788–794 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Andersson-Engels, R. Berg, S. Svanberg, “Time-resolved transillumination for medical diagnostics,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1179–1181 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Toida, M. Kondo, T. Ichimura, H. Inaba, “Two-dimensional coherent detection imaging in multiple scattering media based on the directional resolution capability of the optical heterodyne method,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 391–394 (1991). [CrossRef]
  11. K. M. Yoo, Q. R. Xing, R. R. Alfano, “Imaging objects hidden in highly scattering media using femtosecond second-harmonic-generation cross-correlation time gating,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1019–1021 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. E. Siewert, “On the equation of transfer relevant to the scattering of polarized light,” Astrophys. J. 245, 1080–1086 (1981). [CrossRef]
  13. I. Kuscer, M. Ribaric, “Matrix formalism in the theory of diffusion of light,” Opt. Acta 6, 42–51 (1959). [CrossRef]
  14. R. L. T. Cheung, A. Ishimaru, “Transmission, backscattering, and depolarization of waves in randomly distributed spherical particles,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3792–3798 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Chandresekhar, Radiative Transfer (Oxford U. Press, New York, 1950).
  16. C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983), pp. 46–53.
  17. C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983), pp. 82–129.
  18. E. A. Bucher, “Computer simulation of light pulse propagation for communicating through thick clouds,” Appl. Opt. 12, 2391–2400 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. T. Flock, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, D. R. Wyman, “Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues—I: model predictions and comparison with diffusion theory,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1162–1167 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. Henyey, J. Greenstein, “Diffuse radiation in the galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 93, 70–83 (1941). [CrossRef]
  21. S. T. Flock, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, “Total attenuation coefficients and scattering phase functions of tissues and phantom materials at 633 nm,” Med. Phys. 14, 835–841 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. W. A. Shurcliff, Polarized Light (Harvard U. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1962).
  23. F. C. MacKintosh, S. John, “Diffusing-wave spectroscopy and multiple scattering of light in correlated random media,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 2383–2406 (1989). [CrossRef]
  24. W. F. Cheong, S. A. Prahl, A. J. Welsh, “A review of the optical properties of biological tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2166–2185 (1990). [CrossRef]
  25. Y. Kuga, A. Ishimaru, A. Bruckner, “Experiments on picosecond pulse propagation in a diffuse medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1812–1815 (1983). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited