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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 31, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 1992
  • pp: 7113–7131

Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar

Albert Ansmann, Ulla Wandinger, Maren Riebesell, Claus Weitkamp, and Walfried Michaelis  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 31, Issue 33, pp. 7113-7131 (1992)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.31.007113


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Abstract

Height profiles of the extinction and the backscatter coefficients in cirrus clouds are determined independently from elastic- and inelastic- (Raman) backscatter signals. An extended error analysis is given. Examples covering the measured range of extinction-to-backscatter ratios (lidar ratios) in ice clouds are presented. Lidar ratios between 5 and 15 sr are usually found. A strong variation between 2 and 20 sr can be observed within one cloud profile. Particle extinction coefficients determined from inelastic-backscatter signals and from elastic-backscatter signals by using the Klett method are compared. The Klett solution of the extinction profile can be highly erroneous if the lidar ratio varies along the measuring range. On the other hand, simple backscatter lidars can provide reliable information about the cloud optical depth and the mean cloud lidar ratio.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 5, 1991
Published: November 20, 1992

Citation
Albert Ansmann, Ulla Wandinger, Maren Riebesell, Claus Weitkamp, and Walfried Michaelis, "Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar," Appl. Opt. 31, 7113-7131 (1992)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-31-33-7113

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