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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 31, Iss. 6 — Feb. 20, 1992
  • pp: 705–706

Single-mode fibers used as confocal microscope pinholes

Tim Dabbs and Monty Glass  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 31, Issue 6, pp. 705-706 (1992)

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Conventional clear-aperture pinholes in confocal microscopes can be replaced by single-mode optical fibers, thereby reducing alignment and dust accumulation problems and providing greater flexibility for optical and electronic hardware placement.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 15, 1991
Published: February 20, 1992

Tim Dabbs and Monty Glass, "Single-mode fibers used as confocal microscope pinholes," Appl. Opt. 31, 705-706 (1992)

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  1. T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, Theory and Practice of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, London, 1984).
  2. D. K. Hamilton, T. Wilson, “Surface profile measurement using the confocal microscope,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5320–5322 (1982). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Minsky, “Microscopy apparatus,” U.S. Patent3,013,467 (19December1961).
  4. T. P. Dabbs, “Confocal Microscope,” Australian Provisional Patent Application No. PI 9587/88 (1August1988).
  5. T. P. Dabbs, M. Glass, “The fiber-optic confocal microscope—Focon,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  6. T. Wilson, A. R. Carlini, “Three-dimensional imaging in confocal imaging systems with finite sized detectors,” J. Microsc. 149, 51–66 (1988). [CrossRef]

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