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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 32, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1993
  • pp: 2795–2802

Radiative transfer for a three-dimensional raining cloud

J. L. Haferman, W. F. Krajewski, T. F. Smith, and A. Sánchez  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 32, Issue 15, pp. 2795-2802 (1993)

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Satellite-sensor-based microwave brightness temperatures for a three-dimensional raining cloud over a reflecting surface are computed by using a radiative transfer model based on the discrete-ordinates solution procedure. The three-dimensional model applied to a plane layer is validated by comparison with results from a one-dimensional model that is available in the literature. Results examining the effects of cloud height, rainfall rate, surface reflectance, rainfall footprint area, and satellite viewing position on one- and three-dimensional brightness temperature calculations are reported. The numerical experiments indicate that, under certain conditions, three-dimensional effects are significant in the analysis of satellite-sensor-based rainfall retrieval algorithms. The results point to the need to consider carefully three-dimensional effects as well as surface reflectance effects when interpreting satellite-measured radiation data.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: June 1, 1992
Published: May 20, 1993

J. L. Haferman, W. F. Krajewski, T. F. Smith, and A. Sánchez, "Radiative transfer for a three-dimensional raining cloud," Appl. Opt. 32, 2795-2802 (1993)

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