OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 32, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 1993
  • pp: 5368–5372

Effect of atmospheric turbulence on heterodyne lidar performance

Mikhail S. Belen’kii  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 32, Issue 27, pp. 5368-5372 (1993)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (634 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The effect of atmospheric turbulence on heterodyne lidar performance is studied by use of scattering theory. A theoretical analysis is carried out for both bistatic and monostatic lidar systems with independently variable transmitter and receiver parameters in regimes of weak and strong intensity fluctuations. The conditions of validity of a diffuse target model for description of the optical wave scattering by aerosols in a turbulent atmosphere are presented. The equations for signal power degradation and the conditions under which the time-averaged output of a heterodyne lidar does not depend on either turbulent conditions of propagation along the path or the transmitter parameters, including transmitter coherence length, are obtained. A physical interpretation of these results is given, and a comparison with the data of previous theories is made.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 16, 1992
Published: September 20, 1993

Mikhail S. Belen’kii, "Effect of atmospheric turbulence on heterodyne lidar performance," Appl. Opt. 32, 5368-5372 (1993)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. L. Freed, “Optical heterodyne detection of an atmospherically distorted signal wave front,” Proc. IEEE 55, 57–67 (1967). [CrossRef]
  2. S. F. Clifford, S. Wandzura, “Monostatic heterodyne lidar performance: the effect of the turbulent atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 20, 514–516 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. P. Chan, D. K. Killinger, N. Sugimoto, “Heterodyne Doppler 1-μm lidar measurement of reduced effective telescope aperture due to atmospheric turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2617–2627 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. P. Chan, D. K. Killinger, “Enhanced detection of atmospheric-turbulence-distorted 1-μm coherent lidar returns using a two-dimensional heterodyne detector array,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1219–1221 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. G. Frehlich, M. J. Kavaya, “Coherent laser radar performance for general atmospheric refractive turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 30, 5325–5352 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1978), Vols. 1 and 2.
  7. V. A. Banakh, V. L. Mironov, Lidar in a Turbulent Atmosphere (Artech, Dedham, Mass., 1987).
  8. M. S. Belen’kii, A. I. Kon, V. L. Mironov, “Turbulent distortion of the spatial coherence of a laser beam,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 287–290 (1977). [CrossRef]
  9. H. T. Yura, “Signal-to-noise ratio of heterodyne lidar systems in the presence of atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Acta 26, 627–644 (1979). [CrossRef]
  10. M. S. Belen’kii, V. L. Mironov, “Coherence of the field of a laser beam in a turbulent atmosphere,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 595–597 (1980). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975).
  12. M. S. Belen’kii, V. L. Mironov, “A laser method for determination of a turbulence Cn2 parameter based on the light scattering by an atmospheric aerosol,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 24, 298–302 (1981).
  13. A. B. Krupnik, A. I. Saichev, “Coherent properties and focusing of wave beams reflected in a turbulent medium,” Radiophys. Quantum. Electron. 24, 840–843 (1981). [CrossRef]
  14. Yu. A. Kravtsov, A. I. Saichev, “The effects of the wave double passage in the randomly inhomogeneous media,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 25, 494–508 (1983). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited