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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 33, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 1994
  • pp: 3333–3337

Potassium- and silver-double-ion-exchanged slab glass waveguides: characterization and modeling

Pierre L Auger and S. Iraj Najafi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 33, Issue 16, pp. 3333-3337 (1994)

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Double-ion-exchanged glass waveguides are made first by a potassium-ion exchange followed by a silver-ion exchange. The inverse WKB method is used to determine the index profile. It is shown that a combination of a truncated quadratic function and a complementary error function represents the refractive index best. A direct WKB method is employed to find the maximum index change and the diffusion coefficient of the second exchange process. The concentration of silver, potassium, and sodium ions are measured by an x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy technique. The results agree well with the index profile when a quadratic function is used.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: August 2, 1993
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 1993
Published: June 1, 1994

Pierre L Auger and S. Iraj Najafi, "Potassium- and silver-double-ion-exchanged slab glass waveguides: characterization and modeling," Appl. Opt. 33, 3333-3337 (1994)

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