OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 33, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 1994
  • pp: 3764–3774

Three-dimensional holographic disks

Hsin-Yu Sidney Li and Demetri Psaltis  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 33, Issue 17, pp. 3764-3774 (1994)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1174 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe optical disks that store data holographically in three dimensions by using either angle multiplexing or wavelength multiplexing. Data are stored and retrieved in parallel blocks or pages, and each page consists of approximately 106 bits. The storage capacity of such disks is derived as a function of disk thickness, pixel size, page size, and scanning parameters. The optimum storage density is approximately 120 bits/μm2.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 29, 1993
Revised Manuscript: October 21, 1993
Published: June 10, 1994

Hsin-Yu Sidney Li and Demetri Psaltis, "Three-dimensional holographic disks," Appl. Opt. 33, 3764-3774 (1994)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. J. Van Heerden, “Theory of optical information storage in solids,” Appl. Opt. 2, 393–400 (1963). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Bløtekjaer, “Limitations on holographic storage capacity of photochromic and photorefractive media,” Appl. Opt. 18, 57–67 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, “Photorefractive effects for reversible holographic storage of information,” Appl. Phys. 8, 85–100 (1975). [CrossRef]
  4. J.-P. Huignard, J.-P. Herriau, F. Micheron, “Coherent selective erasure of superimposed volume holograms in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 256–258 (1975). [CrossRef]
  5. L. d’Auria, J.-P. Huignard, C. Slezak, E. Spitz, “Experimental holographic read-write memory using 3-D storage,” Appl. Opt. 13, 808–818 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Nakagome, H. Tanaka, K. Takeuchi, E. Kume, Y. Watanabe, T. Kaga, Y. Kawamoto, F. Murai, R. Izawa, D. Hisamoto, T. Kisu, T. Nishida, E. Takeda, K. Itoh, “An experimental 1.5-V 64-Mb DRAM,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 465–472 (1991). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Psaltis, “Parallel optical memories,” Byte 17, 179–182 (1992).
  8. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
  9. C. Gu, J. Hong, I. McMichael, R. Saxena, F. H. Mok, “Cross talk limited storage capacity of volume holographic memory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1–6 (1992). [CrossRef]
  10. F. H. Mok, “Applications of holographic storage in lithium niobate,” in Annual Meeting, Vol. 23 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper WE1.
  11. F. T. S. Yu, S. D. Wu, A. W. Mayers, S. M. Rajan, “Wavelength multiplexed reflection matched spatial filters using LiNbO3,” Opt. Commun. 81, 343–347 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. G. A. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, A. Yariv, “Optical-data storage by using orthogonal wavelength-multiplexed volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1471–1473 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H.-Y. Li, “Photorefractive 3-D disks for optical data storage and artificial neural networks,” Ph.D. dissertation (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).
  14. K. Curtis, G. W. Burr, D. Psaltis, “Comparison of angle-multiplexed, wavelength-multiplexed, and phase-coded holographic memories,” in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper TuH3.
  15. F. Mok, D. Psaltis, G. Burr, “Spatial and angle multiplexed holographic random access memory,” in Photonics for Computers, Neural Networks, and Memories, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, J. A. Neff, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1773, 334–345 (1992).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited