OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 33, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 1994
  • pp: 4273–4285

Scattered-light properties of diffraction gratings

Thomas N. Woods, Raymond T. Wrigley, III, Gary J. Rottman, and Robert E. Haring  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 33, Issue 19, pp. 4273-4285 (1994)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.33.004273


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1744 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

One of the many calibrations performed for a scientific-quality spectrometer is the characterization of its scattered-light properties. The scattered light can arise from any optical surface, and light leaks or scattering from baffles can also contribute to the instrumental stray-light level. For a diffraction-grating spectrometer the primary contribution to instrumental scattered light has been found to be the scattered light from the grating. The results from measuring the scattered-light properties of 10 diffraction gratings are discussed along with the application of these results in analyzing the total scattered light measured for three spectrometers. It has been found from these measurements that there are two components of the grating scattered light: a Lorentzian-type component and a constant background component. The Lorentzian component is predicted from the diffraction theory for a grating, and the constant background component is consistent with Rayleigh scattering from the microscopic surface imperfections. It was also discovered that multiple replicas of gratings from the same master grating exhibit significantly more scattered light than the preceding replica by factors of 1.1–2.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: April 16, 1993
Revised Manuscript: September 16, 1993
Published: July 1, 1994

Citation
Thomas N. Woods, Raymond T. Wrigley, Gary J. Rottman, and Robert E. Haring, "Scattered-light properties of diffraction gratings," Appl. Opt. 33, 4273-4285 (1994)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-33-19-4273


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. E. Nicodemus, “Directional reflectance and emissivity of an opaque surface,” Appl. Opt. 4, 767–773 (1965). [CrossRef]
  2. F. E. Nicodemus, “Reflectance nomenclature and directional reflectance and emissivity,” Appl. Opt. 9, 1474–1475 (1970). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. von Helmholtz, Helmholtz’s Treatise on Physiological Optics, translated from the third German edition, J. P. C. Southall, ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1924), Vol. 1, pp. 230–231.
  4. J. C. Stover, Optical Scattering Measurement and Analysis (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), Chap. 3, pp. 56–59; App. B, pp. 215–220.
  5. D. Cotton, S. Chakrabarti, J. Edelstein, “EUV properties of two diffraction gratings,” in Ultraviolet Technology II, R. E. Huffman, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 932, 161–168 (1988).
  6. J. F. Verrill, “The specification and measurement of scattered light from diffraction gratings,” Opt. Acta 25, 531–547 (1978). [CrossRef]
  7. G. I. Geikas, “Stray light from diffraction gratings,” in Stray Radiation V, R. P. Breault, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 675, 140–151 (1986).
  8. G. H. Mount, W. G. Fastie, “Comprehensive analysis of gratings for ultraviolet space instrumentation,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3108–3116 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Basri, J. T. Clarke, B. M. Haisch, “An analysis of scattered light in low dispersion IUE spectra,” Astron. Astrophys. 144, 161–170 (1985).
  10. J. A. Cardelli, D. C. Ebbets, B. D. Savage, “Scattered light in the echelle modes of the Goddard High-Resolution Spectrograph aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. I. Analysis of the prelaunch calibration data,” Astrophys. J. 365, 789–802 (1990). [CrossRef]
  11. T. N. Woods, G. J. Rottman, “Solar EUV irradiance derived from a sounding rocket experiment on November 10, 1988,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 6227–6236 (1990). [CrossRef]
  12. G. J. Rottman, T. N. Woods, T. P. Sparn, “Solar stellar irradiance comparison experiment I: 1. Instrument design and operation,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10,667–10,677 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. T. N. Woods, G. J. Ucker, G. J. Rottman, “Solar stellar irradiance comparison experiment I: 2. Instrument calibrations,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10,679–10,694 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Artech, Norwood, Mass., 1987), Chap. 4, pp. 34–69.
  15. J. E. Harvey, “Light scattering characteristics of optical surfaces,” in Stray Light Problems in Optical Systems, J. D. Lytle, H. E. Morrow, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 107, 41–47 (1977).
  16. J. C. Stover, J. Rifkin, D. R. Cheever, K. H. Kirchner, T. F. Schiff, “Comparison of wavelength scaling data to experiment,” in Stray Light and Contamination in Optical Systems, R. P. Breault, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo. Opt. Instrum. Eng. 967, 44–54(1988).
  17. D. Dravins, “High-dispersion astronomical spectroscopy with holographic and ruled diffraction gratings,” Appl. Opt. 17, 404–414 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited