Processes that are analogous to the neural process of recurrent lateral inhibition can be found in optical systems that consist of a shift-invariant system and a Fabry–Perot cavity. The properties of the optical recurrent system are derived and demonstrated by computer simulation. The simulation shows that optical lateral inhibition can be used to enhance the outline of an amplitude object and to make phase-only objects directly detectable and visible. The optical recurrent system is compared with frequency-plane spatial filtering. Requirements and practical limitations for the design of an optical recurrent system are also discussed.
© 1994 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 20, 1992
Revised Manuscript: June 25, 1993
Published: January 10, 1994
Minhua Liang, "Lateral inhibition: inherent recurrent processes in coherent optical propagation," Appl. Opt. 33, 158-161 (1994)