The effects of oceanic whitecaps on ocean-color imagery are simulated and inserted into the proposed Sea-Viewing Wide-Field-of-View Sensor (SeaWiFS) atmospheric-correction algorithm to understand its tolerance to error in the estimated whitecap contribution. The results suggest that for wind speeds ≲ 10–12 m/s, present models that relate whitecap reflectance to wind speed are sufficiently accurate to meet the SeaWiFS accuracy goal for retrieval of the water-leaving radiance in the blue, when the aerosol scattering is weakly dependent on wavelength. In contrast, when the aerosol scattering has a strong spectral signature, the retrievals will meet the goal only when the whitecap reflectance is underestimated.
© 1994 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: December 20, 1993
Revised Manuscript: August 15, 1994
Published: November 20, 1994
Howard R. Gordon and Menghua Wang, "Influence of oceanic whitecaps on atmospheric correction of ocean-color sensors," Appl. Opt. 33, 7754-7763 (1994)