Simply by push-pull shear action at their outer edge, large circular telescope mirrors can be laterally supported free from bending distortion, if the upright mirror is kept in balance by a cosine distribution of weak axial forces applied at its outer rim and possibly also at the central hole. The flexure-induced comalike wave-front aberration of a thin 8-m meniscus mirror was reduced to an rms value of 0.5 nm over the full aperture; the largest path difference was reduced to 2.4 nm. A comparable result has also been calculated for a meniscus mirror of different geometry and a material with different elastic constants. Realizing such possibilities in practice demands accurate engineering. A helpful artifice is investigated for the correct application of the tangential supporting forces.
© 1994 Optical Society of America
Gerhard Schwesinger, "Nondistorting lateral edge support of large telescope mirrors," Appl. Opt. 33, 1198-1202 (1994)