Studies of a new Ce-doped BaTiO3 crystal as an efficient self-pumped phase conjugator in the near infrared are presented. The internal beam production during the establishment of self-pumped phase conjugation (SPPC) is closely observed, and the corresponding mechanisms of SPPC are identified accordingly. When the incident beam is in an a-face-incidence geometric arrangement, it is observed for the first time that SPPC mechanism has a transition from stimulated photorefractive backscattering and four-wave mixing to total internal reflection when λ is varied from 706 to 733 nm. Variations of the SPPC reflectivity with the λ, incident angle, and position of the input beam have been investigated, and a high reflectivity of approximately 80% has been obtained. In addition, SPPC reflectivity of approximately 40% is obtained when the incident beam enters the crystal by the +c face, and a variation with λ of optical beam patterns in the crystal has also been observed. Qualitative explanations of the phenomenon of SPP mechanism transition with λ that will be very useful in practical applications are given.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
S. X. Dou, Yingwu Lian, Hong Gao, Yong Zhu, Xing Wu, Changxi Yang, and Peixian Ye, "Self-pumped phase-conjugation properties of cerium-doped BaTiO3 crystals in the near infrared," Appl. Opt. 34, 2024-2032 (1995)