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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 34, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1995
  • pp: 2822–2828

Parametric study of the absorption cross section for a moderately conducting thin cylinder

Kristan P. Gurton and Charles W. Bruce  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 34, Issue 15, pp. 2822-2828 (1995)

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A system has been developed to measure the absorption cross section for a single carbon fiber at 35 GHz as a function of length, orientation, and diameter. Typical lengths of the fibers considered ranged from 1 to 20 mm, and diameters ranged from 3 to 8 μm. The results were compared with the modified integral equation calculations of Waterman and Pedersen that describe the scattering and absorption behavior for a wire of finite length and conductivity. Good agreement was found for all lengths, orientations, and diameters studied.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 25, 1994
Revised Manuscript: November 1, 1994
Published: May 20, 1995

Kristan P. Gurton and Charles W. Bruce, "Parametric study of the absorption cross section for a moderately conducting thin cylinder," Appl. Opt. 34, 2822-2828 (1995)

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  1. C. W. Bruce, A. V. Jelinek, R. M. Halonen, M. J. Stehling, J. C. Pedersen, P. C. Waterman, “Millimeter wavelength attenuation efficiencies of fiberous aerosols,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3688–3691 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. C. W. Bruce, T. F. Stromberg, K. P. Gurton, J. B. Mozer, “Trans-spectral absorption and scattering of electromagnetic radiation by diesel soot,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1537–1546 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  9. L. Peters, “End-fire echo area of long, thin bodies,” IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 6, 133–139 (1958). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Scharfman, D. D. King, “Antenna measurements by modulation of the scatterer,” Proc. IRE 42, 854–858 (1954). [CrossRef]
  11. C. W. Bruce, D. R. Ashmore, P. C. Pittman, N. E. Pedersen, J. C. Pedersen, P. C. Waterman, “Attenuation at a wavelength of 0.86 cm due to fiberous aerosols,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 791–796 (1990). [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Jelinek, C. B. Bruce, “Extinction spectra of highly conductive fiberous aerosols,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
  13. E. K. Kerr, J. G. Attwood, “The laser illuminated absorptivity spectrophone: a method for weak absorptivity in gases at laser wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 7, 915–921 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Bruce, “Development of spectrophones for cw and pulsed radiation sources,” ASL-TR-5802 (U.S. Army Atmospheric Science Laboratory, White Sands Missile Range, N.M., 1976).
  15. T. F. Dalton, D. A. Depatie, T. W. Walker, “Absorption coefficient measurements of nitrous oxide and methane at DF laser wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 300–306 (1975). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Hänel, C. Hillenbrand, “Calorimetric measurement of optical absorption,” Appl. Opt. 28, 510–516 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. V. Luikov, Analytical Heat Diffusion Theory, J. P. Hartnett, ed. (Academic, New York, 1968), Chap. 8, pp. 371–376.
  18. H. S. Carslaw, J. C. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids (Oxford Press, Oxford, England, 1959), Chap. 13, pp. 346–347.

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