We show that reconstructing a hologram by its object beam leads to spatial filtering, namely, to the suppression of spatial frequency components that are perpendicular to the plane of the recording beams. We conduct experiments by rotating the transparencies of Ronchi gratings and crossed gratings and measuring the corresponding diffraction efficiencies. Good agreement is found with a theory based on image reconstruction with a beam that does not quite satisfy the Bragg condition.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
N. Bolognini, L. Arizmendi, and L. Solymar, "Spatial frequency filtering in holographic image reconstruction," Appl. Opt. 34, 243-248 (1995)