OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 34, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 1995
  • pp: 5552–5555

Columnar aerosol properties over oceans by combining surface and aircraft measurements: simulations

Howard R. Gordon and Tianming Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 34, Issue 24, pp. 5552-5555 (1995)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.34.005552


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (111 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report an algorithm that can be used to invert the radiance exiting the top and bottom of the atmosphere to yield the columnar optical properties of atmospheric aerosol under clear sky conditions over the oceans. The method is an augmentation of a similar algorithm presented by Wang and Gordon [Appl. Opt. 32, 4598 (1993)] that used only sky radiance, and therefore was incapable of retrieving the aerosol phase function at the large scattering angles that are of critical importance in remote sensing of oceanic and atmospheric properties with satellites. Well-known aerosol models were combined with radiative transfer theory to simulate pseudodata for testing of the algorithm. The tests suggest that it should be possible to retrieve the aerosol phase function and the aerosol single-scattering albedo accurately over the visible spectrum at aerosol optical thicknesses as large as 2.0. The algorithm is capable of retrievals with such large optical thicknesses because all significant orders of multiple scattering are included. We believe that combining an algorithm of this type with surface-based and high-altitude aircraft-based radiance measurements could be useful for studying aerosol columnar optical properties over oceans and large lakes. The use of the retrieval method is possible over the ocean because, unlike the land surface, the albedo of the ocean is low and spatially uniform.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 23, 1995
Revised Manuscript: May 2, 1995
Published: August 20, 1995

Citation
Howard R. Gordon and Tianming Zhang, "Columnar aerosol properties over oceans by combining surface and aircraft measurements: simulations," Appl. Opt. 34, 5552-5555 (1995)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-34-24-5552


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Wang, H. R. Gordon, “Retrieval of the columnar aerosol phase function and single scattering albedo from sky radiance over the ocean: simulations,” Appl. Opt. 32, 4598–4609 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. D. King, B. M. Herman, “Determination of the ground albedo and the index of absorption of atmospheric particulates by remote sensing: Part I. Theory,” J. Atmos. Sci. 36, 163–173 (1979). [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Box, A. Deepak, “Retrieval of aerosol size distributions by inversion of simulated aureole data in the presence of multiple scattering,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1376–1382 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. A. Box, A. Deepak, “An approximation to multiple scattering in the Earth's atmosphere: almucantar radiance formulation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 38, 1037–1048 (1981). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Nakajima, M. Tanaka, T. Yamauchi, “Retrieval of the optical properties of aerosols from aureole and extinction data,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2951–2959 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Wendisch, W. von Hoyningen-Huene, “High speed version of the method of ‘successive order of scattering’ and its application to remote sensing,” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 64, 83–91 (1991).
  7. P. Koepke, “Vicarious satellite calibration in the solar spectral range by means of calculated radiances and its application to Meteosat,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2845–2854 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. R. Gordon, J. W. Brown, O.B. Brown, R. H. Evans, D. K. Clark, “Nimbus 7 Coastal Zone Color Scanner: reduction of its radiometric sensitivity with time,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3929– 3931 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. S. Fraser, Y. J. Kaufman, “Calibration of satellite sensors after launch,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1177–1185 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. N. Slater, S. F. Biggar, R. G. Holm, R. D. Jackson, Y. Mao, M. S. Moran, J. M. Palmer, B. Yuan, “Reflectance- and radiance-based methods for the in-flight absolute calibration of multispectral sensors,” Remote Sensing of Environ. 22, 11–37 (1987). [CrossRef]
  11. E. P. Shettle, R. W. Fenn, “Models for the aerosols of the lower atmosphere and the effects of humidity variations on their optical properties,” AFGL-TR-79-0214 (U.S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscomb Air Force Base, Mass., 1979).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited