OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 34, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 1995
  • pp: 5602–5610

Optical and electronic design of a calibrated multichannel electronic interferometer for quantitative flow visualization

T. D. Upton and D. W. Watt  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 34, Issue 25, pp. 5602-5610 (1995)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (4052 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Calibrated multichannel electronic interferometry is an electro-optic technique for performing phase shifting of transient phenomena. The design of an improved system for calibrated multichannel electronic interferometry is discussed. This includes a computational method for alignment of three phase-shifted interferograms and determination of the pixel correspondence. During calibration the phase, modulation, and bias of the optical system are determined. These data are stored electronically and used to compensate for errors associated with the path differences in the interferometer, the separation of the phase-shifted interferograms, and the measurement of the phase shift.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: October 26, 1994
Revised Manuscript: March 20, 1995
Published: September 1, 1995

T. D. Upton and D. W. Watt, "Optical and electronic design of a calibrated multichannel electronic interferometer for quantitative flow visualization," Appl. Opt. 34, 5602-5610 (1995)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. Jüptner, T. M. Kreis, H. Kreitlow, “Automatic evaluation of holographic interferograms by reference beam phase shifting,” in Industrial Applications of Laser Technology, W. F. Fagan, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.398, 22–29 (1983).
  2. P. Hariharan, “Quasi-heterodyne holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 24, 632–638 (1985).
  3. K. Creath, “Phase-measurement interferometry techniques,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1988), Vol. 26, pp. 349–393. [CrossRef]
  4. D. W. Watt, C. M. Vest, “Digital interferometry for flow visualization,” Exp. Fluids 5, 401–406 (1987). [CrossRef]
  5. T. A. W. M. Lanen, C. Nebbeling, J. L. van Ingen, “Digital phase-stepping holographic interferometry in measuring 2-D density fields,” Exp. Fluids 9, 231–235 (1990). [CrossRef]
  6. D. M. Shough, O. Y. Kwon, “Phase-shifting pulsed-laser interferometer,” in Phase Conjugation, Beam Combining, and Diagnostics, I. Abramowitz, R. A. Fisher, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.739, 174–180 (1987).
  7. M. Kujawińska, D. W. Robinson, “Multichannel phase-stepped holographic interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 27, 312–320 (1988). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Kujawińska, A. Spik, D. W. Robinson, “Quantitative analysis of transient events by ESPI,” in Interferometry ’89, Z. Jaroszewicz, M. Pluta, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1121, 416–423 (1989).
  9. T. D. Upton, D. W. Watt, “Calibrated multichannel electronic interferometry for quantitative flow visualization,” Exp. Fluids 14, 271–276 (1993). [CrossRef]
  10. C. M. Vest, Holographic Interferometry (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 5, pp. 264–284.
  11. E. Hecht, A. Zajac, Optics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1979), Chap. 5, pp. 109–116.
  12. R. Bracewell, The Fourier Transform and Its Applications (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965), Chap. 3, pp. 24–48.
  13. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), Chap. 2, pp. 4–25.
  14. C. P. Brophy, “Effect of intensity error correlation on the computed phase of phase-shifting interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 537–541 (1990). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Dändliker, R. Thalmann, J.-F. Willemin, “Fringe interpolation by two-reference-beam holographic interferometry: reducing sensitivity to hologram misalignment,” Opt. Commun. 42, 301–306 (1982). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Schwider, R. Burow, K.-E. Elssner, J. Grzanna, R. Spolaczyk, K. Merkel, “Digital wave-front measuring interferometry: some systematic error sources,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3421–3432 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Dändliker, R. Thalmann, “Heterodyne and quasi-heterodyne holographic interferometry,” Opt. Eng. 24, 824–831 (1985).
  18. J. P. Holman, Experimental Methods for Engineers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989), Chap. 3, pp. 41–49.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited