OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 34, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 1995
  • pp: 5673–5683

Metal/dielectric transmission interference filters with low reflectance. 1. Design

J. A. Dobrowolski, Li Li, and R. A. Kemp  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 34, Issue 25, pp. 5673-5683 (1995)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.34.005673


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (362 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

For many applications the high reflectance of conventional multilayer interference filters is undesirable. It is possible to design and construct interference filters in which the transmittance and reflectance are independently controlled and in which the reflectance is very low. However, to do this it is necessary to employ absorbing coating materials and, as a result, a reduction in the peak transmittance must be accepted. We describe three different methods for the design of such coatings. Examples are given of a number of bandpass filters, neutral density filters, cutoff filters, and of an x ¯ λ tristimulus filter, all having a low reflectance. This reflectance is frequently 15 to 50 times lower than that of conventional filters.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 29, 1994
Revised Manuscript: February 8, 1995
Published: September 1, 1995

Citation
J. A. Dobrowolski, Li Li, and R. A. Kemp, "Metal/dielectric transmission interference filters with low reflectance. 1. Design," Appl. Opt. 34, 5673-5683 (1995)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-34-25-5673


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. A. Dobrowolski, “Coatings and filters,” in Handbook of Optics, W. G. Driscoll, W. Vaughan, eds. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 8.1–8.124.
  2. J. A. Dobrowolski, G. E. Marsh, D. G. Charbonneau, J. Eng, P. D. Josephy, “Colored filter glasses: an intercomparison of glasses made by different manufacturers,” Appl. Opt. 16, 1491–1512 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. A. Dobrowolski, B. T. Sullivan, R. C. Bajcar, “Optical interference, contrast-enhanced electroluminescent device,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5988–5996 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. A. Dobrowolski, D. Lowe, “Optical thin film synthesis program based on the use of Fourier transforms,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3039–3050 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. T. Sullivan, J. A. Dobrowolski, “Deposition error compensation for optical multilayer coatings. II. Experimental results—sputtering system,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2351–2360 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. G. Kard, “Theory of multilayer asymmetric reflectors,” Opt. Spektrosk. 10, 384–389 (1961).
  7. P. Kard, “On the theory of asymmetric mirrors,” Eesti NSV Tead. Akad. Toim. Fuus.-Mat. 12, 359–368 (1963).
  8. P. Baumeister, R. Gelber, “Generalized equation for the absorptance of a multilayer stack,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 736 (1968), abstract FF12.
  9. N. D. Goldina, “Design of asymmetric mirrors with thin absorbing film,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 47, 776–779 (1979).
  10. N. V. Grishina, “Synthesis of wideband metal-dielectric coatings,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 72, 562–565 (1992).
  11. B. T. Sullivan, K. L. Byrt, “Metal/dielectric transmission interference filters with low reflectance. 2. Experimental results,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5684–5694 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. A. Dobrowolski, “Optical properties of films and coatings,” in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995), pp. 42.1–42-130.
  13. J. H. Apfel, R. M. Gelber, “Multilayer filter with metal dielectric period,” U.S. patent3,649,359 (14March1972).
  14. J. H. Apfel, R. M. Gelber, “Filter with neutral transmitting multilayer coating having asymmetric reflectance,” U.S. patent3,679,291 (25July1972).
  15. R. J. Fay, J. R. Cicotta, “Neutral density filter element with reduced surface reflection,” U.S. patent3,781,089 (25December1973).
  16. K. Yamamoto, T. Koike, “Light absorptive film provided with a reflection preventive means,” U.S. patent4,381,883 (3May1983).
  17. D. H. Cushing, “Neutral density filters for the ultraviolet that obey Beer’s law,” in Ultraviolet Technology III, R. E. Huffman, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1158, 189–193 (1989).
  18. D. H. Cushing, “Broad band nonreflective neutral density filter,” U.S. patent4,960,310 (2October1990).
  19. A. Bittar, “Design of ultraviolet neutral density filters using metal-insulator inhomogeneous layers,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6122–6126 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Rancourt, “Anti-halo coatings for CRT faceplates,” Soc. for Inf. Disp. Dig.22–23 (1983).
  21. J. D. Rancourt, “Anti-halo coatings for cathode ray tube faceplates,” Proc. of the Soc. for Inf. Disp. 25, 43–47 (1984).
  22. J. R. Jacobsson, “Protective device for protection against radiation during welding,” U.S. patent4,169,655 (2October1979).
  23. W. H. Southwell, “Coating design using very thin high- and low-index layers,” Appl. Opt. 24, 457–460 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. A. Dobrowolski, “Comparison of the Fourier transform and flip–flop thin-film synthesis methods,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1966–1972 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. A. Dobrowolski, R. A. Kemp, “Flip-flop thin-film design program with enhanced capabilities,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3807–3812 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. Dupoisot, J. Morizet, P. Lostis, “Pièges à lumière interfèrentiels à larges bandes azimuthale et spectrale,” Appl. Opt. 13, 1605–1609 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H. Pohlack, “Über die reflexionsvermindernde Wirkung dünner Metallschichten auf Glas,” in Jenaer Jahrbuch 1956, P. Görlich, ed. (Fischer, Jena, Germany, 1956), pp. 87–93.
  28. L. F. J. Drummeter, G. Hass, “Solar absorptance and thermal emittance of evaporated coatings,” in Physics of Thin Films, G. Hass, R. E. Thun, eds. (Academic, New York, 1964), pp. 305–361.
  29. J. A. Dobrowolski, E. H. Hara, B. T. Sullivan, A. J. Waldorf, “High performance optical wavelength multiplexer–demultiplexer,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3800–3806 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. A. Dobrowolski, R. A. Kemp, “Refinement of optical multilayer systems with different optimization procedures,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2876–2893 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1986). [CrossRef]
  32. E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), pp. 313–323, 350–356, 749–764.
  33. J. A. Dobrowolski, R. Kemp, B. T. Sullivan, “Black bandpass interference filters,” in Annual Meeting Technical Digest, Vol. 16 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 115.
  34. L. Li, J. A. Dobrowolski, B. T. Sullivan, “Low reflection optical coatings with arbitrary transmission shapes,” in Annual Meeting Technical Digest, Vol. 16 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 114.
  35. B. T. Sullivan, J. A. Dobrowolski, “Deposition of metal/dielectric multilayers,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, A. Duparre, G. Emiliani, J.-P. Gailliard, K. H. Guenther, R. P. Netterfield, E. P. Pelletier, H. Rudigier, A. Macleod, C. Boccara, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.2253, 1213–1217 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited