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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 34, Iss. 26 — Sep. 10, 1995
  • pp: 5996–6007

Refractive and diffractive properties of planar micro-optical elements

M. Rossi, R. E. Kunz, and H. P. Herzig  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 34, Issue 26, pp. 5996-6007 (1995)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.34.005996


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Abstract

The refractive and the diffractive properties of planar micro-optical elements are investigated. The transition between purely refractive and purely diffractive planar microlenses is numerically simulated for the example of differently designed phase-matched Fresnel elements. Results obtained from numerical simulations and experiments show that the refractive and diffractive types exhibit a distinctly different behavior in the presence of small fabrication errors or wavelength deviations. Based on these results, design rules for various applications, including low- and high-numerical-aperture lenses and hybrid refractive–diffractive elements, are derived. For a high-numerical-aperture (f/# = 1.0) lens the experimental characterization of the irradiance distribution in the image space is presented and shown to agree well with theoretical predictions.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 3, 1995
Published: September 10, 1995

Citation
M. Rossi, R. E. Kunz, and H. P. Herzig, "Refractive and diffractive properties of planar micro-optical elements," Appl. Opt. 34, 5996-6007 (1995)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-34-26-5996

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