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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 35, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1996
  • pp: 120–125

Theoretical analysis of confocal microscopy with microlenses

H. J. Tiziani, R. Achi, R. N. Krämer, and L. Wiegers  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 120-125 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.35.000120


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Abstract

Scanning confocal microscopy is well established and applied frequently in biomedical science and more recently in engineering disciplines. For technical applications a confocal principle based on microlens arrays was developed. The principle permits a high depth resolution on a large field. A theoretical analysis of this principle together with some experimental results are presented.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 15, 1995
Revised Manuscript: September 5, 1995
Published: January 1, 1996

Citation
H. J. Tiziani, R. Achi, R. N. Krämer, and L. Wiegers, "Theoretical analysis of confocal microscopy with microlenses," Appl. Opt. 35, 120-125 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-35-1-120


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References

  1. T. Wilson, “Optical aspects of confocal microscopy,” in Confocal Microscopy, T. Wilson, ed. (Academic, London, 1990), pp. 93–139.
  2. H. Stark, “Theory and measurement of the optical Fourier transform,” in Applications of Optical Fourier Transforms, H. Stark, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1982), pp. 2–40.
  3. J.W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, San Francisco, 1968), Chap. 5, p. 88.
  4. A. Papoulis, Systems and Transforms with Applications in Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), Chap. 5, p. 171.
  5. T.R. Corle, C.-H. Chou, G. S. Kino, “Depth response of confocal optical microscopes,” Opt. Lett. 11, 770–772 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Wilson, C. Sheppard, Theory and Practice of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, London, 1984).
  7. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1980).
  8. T. Wilson, “Depth response of scanning microscopes,” Optik 81, 113–118 (1989).
  9. T. Wilson, A. R. Carlini, “Size of the detector in confocal imaging systems,” Opt. Lett. 12, 227–229 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H.J. Tiziani, H. M. Uhde, “Three-dimensional analysis by a microlens-array confocal arrangement,” Appl. Opt. 33, 567–572 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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