Optical thin films of MgF2 and NdF3 have been made by molecular-beam deposition in ultrahigh vacuum. The film packing density was calculated from the water amount that filled the cavities of the films in air. For that the transmission in the IR spectral region with a characteristic water absorption band at a wave number of 3400 cm−1 was measured. The influence on the packing density of a modification of thin-film morphology by stratification of very thin sublayers of different crystallizing fluorides is tested.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: February 2, 1995
Revised Manuscript: July 18, 1995
Published: January 1, 1996
Sven Laux and Wolfgang Richter, "Packing-density calculation of thin fluoride films from infrared transmission spectra," Appl. Opt. 35, 97-101 (1996)