OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 35, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 1996
  • pp: 2787–2796

Remote sensing of vertical profiles of atmospheric trace constituents with MIPAS limb-emission spectrometers

H. Fischer and H. Oelhaf  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 16, pp. 2787-2796 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.35.002787


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (362 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A deeper understanding of long-term ozone trends and periods of significant ozone depletion as well as of the anthropogenic greenhouse effect requires the concerted actions of experimenters and modelers. With respect to observations, atmospheric constituents need to be measured simultaneously and on a global basis. Fourier-transform infrared spectrometers are especially suited for this measurement task. A promising and challenging branch of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy is its application to limb-emission sounding by the use of cryogenic instrumentation. This method allows the measurements to be made independently of the time of the day. The MIPAS (Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding) balloon-borne (MIPAS-B) and space-based (MIPAS-S) experiments apply this technique. While the MIPAS-B instrument has already been used for several years for stratospheric process studies, the MIPAS-S instrument is in development for the European Space Agency’s ENVISAT mission. Instrumental aspects of these MIPAS experiments are highlighted, the most important results in ozone research achieved with MIPAS-B are reviewed, and a brief overview of the scientific capabilities of the MIPAS space experiment is given.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: December 18, 1995
Revised Manuscript: February 21, 1996
Published: June 1, 1996

Citation
H. Fischer and H. Oelhaf, "Remote sensing of vertical profiles of atmospheric trace constituents with MIPAS limb-emission spectrometers," Appl. Opt. 35, 2787-2796 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-35-16-2787


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. B. Farmer, O. F. Raper, R. Norton, “Spectroscopic detection and vertical distribution of HCl in the troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 13–16 (1976). [CrossRef]
  2. D. G. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, F. J. Murcray, W. J. Williams, “Stratospheric distribution of ClONO2,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 857–859 (1979). [CrossRef]
  3. C. B. Farmer, O. F. Raper, F. G. O’Callaghan, “Final report on the first flight of the ATMOS instrument during the Spacelab 3 mission,” JPL Pub. 87-32 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1987).
  4. H. Fischer, “Remote sensing of atmospheric trace constituents using Fourier transform spectrometry,” Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 96, 306–314 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Fischer, “Remote sensing of atmospheric trace gases,” Interdis. Sci. Rev. 10(3), 185–191 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. G. P. Adrian, T. Blumenstock, H. Fischer, L. Gerhardt, T. Gulde, H. Oelhaf, P. Thomas, O. Trieschmann, “Column amounts of trace gases derived from ground-based measurements with MIPAS during CHEOPS III,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 18, 783–786 (1991). [CrossRef]
  7. G. P. Adrian, M. Baumann, T. Blumenstock, H. Fischer, A. Friedle, L. Gerhardt, G. Maucher, H. Oelhaf, W. Scheuerpflug, P. Thomas, O. Trieschmann, A. Wegner, “First results of ground-based FTIR measurements of atmospheric trace gases in north Sweden and Greenland during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1343–1346 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, F. Fergg, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, C. Piesch, D. Rabus, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Remote sensing of trace gases with a balloon borne version of the Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding (MIPAS),” in Proceedings of the Tenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Progammes and Related Research, ESA-SP-317 (European Space Agency, Paris, 1991), pp. 207–213.
  9. T. Gulde, Ch. Piesch, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, F. Fergg, G. Wildgruber, “The airborne MIPAS infrared emission experiment,” in Proceedings of the International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1994), Vol. II, pp. 301–311.
  10. T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Retrieval of stratospheric O3, HNO3 and ClONO2 profiles from 1992 MIPAS-B limb emission spectra: method, results, and error analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 98(D11), 20,495–20,506 (1993); addenda to this, J. Geophys. Res. 99(D4), 8353 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2, HNO3, and O3 profiles inside the arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra during EASOE 1992,” Geophys. Res Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, C. Piesch, D. Rabus, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “The MIPAS balloon borne trace constituent experiment,” in Proceedings of the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium 1992, NASA Conf. Pub. 3266 (NASA, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 842–845.
  13. C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, W. Glatthor, T. Gulde, M. Höpfner, “Airborne measurements during the Arctic stratospheric experiment. 4. Column amounts of HNO3 and O3 derived from FTIR emission sounding,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1351–1354 (1994). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Wetzel, T. von Clarmann, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Vertical profiles of N2O5 along with CH4, N2O and H2O in the late Arctic winter retrieved from MIPAS-B limb emission measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23173–23181 (1995). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Endemann, H. Fischer, “Envisat’s high-resolution limb sounder: MIPAS,” ESA Bull.76 (European Space Agency, Paris, 1994), pp. 47–52.
  16. F. Friedl-Vallon, H. Fischer, T. von Clarmann, C. Fritzsche, H. Oelhaf, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, D. Rabus, W. Völker, “Limb emission spectroscopy with the balloon-borne Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding (MIPAS),” in Optical Methods in Atmospheric Chemistry, H. I. Schiff, U. Platt, eds., Proc. SPIE 1715, 441–450 (1992).
  17. P. Burkert, F. Fergg, H. Fischer, “A compact high resolution Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding (MIPAS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing GE-21, 345 (1983). [CrossRef]
  18. H. Fischer, F. Fergg, H. Oelhaf, D. Rabus, W. Völker, P. Burkert, “Simultaneous detection of trace constituents in the middle atmosphere with a small He-cooled high resolution Michelson interferometer,” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 58, 260–275 (1983).
  19. M. Seefeldner, C. Keim, “The pointing and the star reference system of the MIPAS-B2 gondola, Part 1: the pointing system,” in Proceedings of the Twelfth ESA Symposium on Rocket and Balloon Programmes, ESA SP-370 (European Space Agency, Paris, 1995), pp. 505–510.
  20. G. Maucher, “The pointing and the star reference system of the MIPAS-B2 gondola, Part 2: the star reference system,” in Proceedings of the Twelfth ESA Symposium on Rocket and Balloon Programmes, ESA SP-370 (European Space Agency, Paris, 1995), pp. 511–514.
  21. F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, H. Oelhaf, M. Seefeldner, “The new balloon-borne MIPAS-B 2 limb emission sounder,” in Proceedings of the IGARSS (IGARSS, 1995), pp. 435–439.
  22. H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Keim, G. Maucher, C. Sartorius, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, M. Wölfel, “Remote sensing of the Arctic stratosphere with the new balloon-borne MIPAS-B2 instrument,” Air Pollution Research Rep. XY (The European Commission, Brussels, 1996).
  23. S. A. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, “Atmospheric radiance and transmittance: fascod2,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Atmospheric Radiation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1986), p. 141.
  24. T. von Clarmann, “RAT, a computational tool for retrieval of atmospheric trace gas profiles from infrared spectra,” KfK Report 5423 (Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany, 1994).
  25. R. Zander, C. P. Rinsland, C. B. Farmer, L. R. Brown, R. H. Norton, “Observation of several ClONO2 bands in stratospheric solar absorption spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 13, 757 (1986). [CrossRef]
  26. M. M. Abbas, V. G. Kunde, J. C. Brasunas, J. R. Herman, S. T. Massie, “Nighttime reactive nitrogen measurements from stratospheric infrared thermal emission observations,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 10,885–10,897 (1991). [CrossRef]
  27. U. Schmidt, R. Bauer, A. Engel, R. Borchers, J. Lee, “The variation of available chlorine ClOy in the Arctic polar vortex during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1215–1218 (1994). [CrossRef]
  28. R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and ozone depletion in the Arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/92,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994). [CrossRef]
  29. R. Toumi, R. L. Jones, J. A. Pyle, “Stratospheric ozone depletion by ClONO2 photolysis,” Nature (London) 365, 37–39 (1993). [CrossRef]
  30. T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995). [CrossRef]
  31. S. Zorn, “Vertical profiles of O3, CH4, N2O, and N2O5 from MIPAS-B-90 limb emission spectra,” Diploma thesis (Universität Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 1994).
  32. V. G. Kunde, J. C. Brasunas, W. C. Maguire, J. R. Herman, S. T. Massie, M. M. Abbas, L. W. Herath, W. A. Shaffer, “Measurement of nighttime stratospheric N2O5 from infrared emission spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 15, 1177–1180 (1988). [CrossRef]
  33. C. P. Rinsland, G. C. Toon, C. B. Farmer, R. H. Norton, J. S. Namkung, “Stratospheric N2O5 profiles at sunrise and sunset from further analysis of the ATMOS/Spacelab 3 solar spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 18341–18349 (1989). [CrossRef]
  34. C. Camy-Peyret, J.-M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, F. Murcray, “Stratospheric N2O5, CH4, and N2O profiles from IR solar occultation spectra,” J. Atmos. Chem. 16, 31–40 (1993). [CrossRef]
  35. L. Rothmann, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. Malathy Devi, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Perrin, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, “The HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 469–508 (1992). [CrossRef]
  36. A. Perrin, V. Jaouen, A. Valentin, J.-M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, “The ν5 and 2νg bands of nitric acid,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 157, 112 (1993). [CrossRef]
  37. M. Endemann, G. Lange, B. Fladt, “Michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding MIPAS, a high resolution limb sounder for the European Polar Platform,” in Passive Infrared Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere, D. K. Lynch, ed., Proc. SPIE 1934, 13–15 (1993).
  38. M. Carlotti, Dipartimento di Chimica Fisica ed Inorganica dell’ Universita di Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 4, 40136 Bologna, Italy; T. von Clarmann, Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Forschungszentrum, Universität Karlsruhe, Postfach 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany (personal communication, 1995). [PubMed]
  39. G. Echle, H. Oelhaf, A. Wegner, “On the potential of IR limb emission spectroscopy for the measurement of the stratospheric composition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 52, 253 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited