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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 35, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 1996
  • pp: 3392–3403

Dynamic 193-nm optical properties of water

Paul T. Staveteig and Joseph T. Walsh, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 19, pp. 3392-3403 (1996)

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Previous assumptions that water is not a 193-nm chromophore during ArF excimer laser tissue ablation are based on room-temperature data and ignore spectroscopic literature that suggests a strong temperature dependence of far-ultraviolet water absorption. By the use of a Q-switched Er:YAG laser as a pump source and an ArF excimer laser as a probe source, thermal generation and relaxation of 193-nm water absorption were characterized under nonequilibrium high-temperature and high-pressure conditions. At volumetric energy densities as small as 2 kJ/cm3 relative to room temperature, the 193-nm absorption coefficient of water was measured to increase by more than 5 orders of magnitude. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the absorption of 193-nm radiation by water may play a role in ArF excimer laser ablation of tissue.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: October 2, 1995
Revised Manuscript: March 6, 1996
Published: July 1, 1996

Paul T. Staveteig and Joseph T. Walsh, "Dynamic 193-nm optical properties of water," Appl. Opt. 35, 3392-3403 (1996)

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