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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 35, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 1996
  • pp: 4689–4693

Liquid detection with InGaAsP semiconductor lasers having multiple short external cavities

Xiang Zhu and Daniel T. Cassidy  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 24, pp. 4689-4693 (1996)

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A liquid detection system consisting of a diode laser with multiple short external cavities (MSXC’s) is reported. The MSXC diode laser operates single mode on one of 18 distinct modes that span a range of 72 nm. We selected the modes by setting the length of one of the external cavities using a piezoelectric positioner. One can measure the transmission through cells by modulating the injection current at audio frequencies and using phase-sensitive detection to reject the ambient light and reduce 1/f noise. A method to determine regions of single-mode operation by the rms of the output of the laser is described. The transmission data were processed by multivariate calibration techniques, i.e., partial least squares and principal component regression. Water concentration in acetone was used to demonstrate the performance of the system. A correlation coefficient of R2 = 0.997 and 0.29% root-mean-square error of prediction are found for water concentration over the range of 2–19%.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: December 13, 1995
Revised Manuscript: March 6, 1996
Published: August 20, 1996

Xiang Zhu and Daniel T. Cassidy, "Liquid detection with InGaAsP semiconductor lasers having multiple short external cavities," Appl. Opt. 35, 4689-4693 (1996)

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