An optical fiber sensor based on the intermodal interference principle is integrated in a composite material to detect impacts and vibrations. Six fibers are integrated at the top of a carbon/epoxy composite panel so as to form a grid into the structure. Spectral and temporal responses to impacts and acoustic vibrations of the sensor are compared with a piezoelectric accelerometer. The tests proved the facility of integration and the high sensitivity of the device. The location of impacts is performed with this arrangement by measuring the arrival times of the front waves to the fibers.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Abdelrafik Malki, Rachid Gafsi, Laurent Michel, Michel Labarrνre, and Pierre Lecoy, "Impact and vibration detection in composite materials by using intermodal interference in multimode optical fibers," Appl. Opt. 35, 5198-5201 (1996)